Extremely Small Pyrrhotite Fe7 S8 Nanocrystals with Simultaneous Carbon-Encapsulation for High-Performance Na-Ion Batteries.Small. 2018 01; 14(2)S
Na/FeSx batteries have remarkable potential applicability due to their high theoretical capacity and cost-effectiveness. However, realization of high power-capability and long-term cyclability remains a major challenge. Herein, ultrafine Fe7 S8 @C nanocrystals (NCs) as a promising anode material for a Na-ion battery that addresses the above two issues simultaneously is reported. An Fe7 S8 core with quantum size (≈10 nm) overcomes the kinetic and thermodynamic constraints of the Na-S conversion reaction. In addition, the high degree of interconnection through carbon shells improves the electronic transport along the structure. As a result, the Fe7 S8 @C NCs electrode achieves excellent power capability of 550 mA h g-1 (≈79% retention of its theoretical capacity) at a current rate of 2700 mA g-1 . Furthermore, a conformal carbon shell acts as a buffer layer to prevent severe volume change, which provides outstanding cyclability of ≈447 mA h g-1 after 1000 cycles (≈71% retention of the initial charge capacity).