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Is there an association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain? A nested case-control analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study.
BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 25; 7(11):e018521.BO

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To explore potential associations between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain (LBP) in a Norwegian cohort, and to investigate whether relationships depend on the season of blood sample collection.

DESIGN

A nested case-control study in a prospective data set.

SETTING

The Norwegian community-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). Data were collected in the HUNT2 (1995-1997) and HUNT3 (2006-2008) surveys.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE

Chronic LBP, defined as LBP persisting at least 3 months continuously during the past year.

PARTICIPANTS

Among individuals aged 19-55 years without LBP in HUNT2, a data set was generated including 1685 cases with LBP in HUNT3 and 3137 controls without LBP.

METHODS

Blood samples from the participants collected in HUNT2 were analysed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level. Associations with LBP in HUNT3 were evaluated by unconditional logistic regression analysis with adjustment for age, sex, work status, physical activity at work and in leisure time, education, smoking, and body mass index.

RESULTS

No association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic LBP was found in the total data set (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=1.01, 95% CI 0.97 to 1.06) or in individuals with blood samples collected in summer/autumn (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=0.99, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.06). For blood samples drawn in winter/spring, associations differed significantly between women and men (p=0.004). Among women a positive association was seen (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=1.11, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.20), but among men no significant association was observed (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=0.90, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.01).

CONCLUSIONS

Overall, no association between vitamin D status and risk of LBP was demonstrated. The association suggested in women for the winter/spring season cannot be regarded as established.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Research, Innovation and Education, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.Department of Mathematics, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neurology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.Department of Public Health and Nursing, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.Department of Research, Innovation and Education, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29175890

Citation

Heuch, Ingrid, et al. "Is There an Association Between Vitamin D Status and Risk of Chronic Low Back Pain? a Nested Case-control Analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study." BMJ Open, vol. 7, no. 11, 2017, pp. e018521.
Heuch I, Heuch I, Hagen K, et al. Is there an association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain? A nested case-control analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. BMJ Open. 2017;7(11):e018521.
Heuch, I., Heuch, I., Hagen, K., Mai, X. M., Langhammer, A., & Zwart, J. A. (2017). Is there an association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain? A nested case-control analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. BMJ Open, 7(11), e018521. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018521
Heuch I, et al. Is There an Association Between Vitamin D Status and Risk of Chronic Low Back Pain? a Nested Case-control Analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. BMJ Open. 2017 Nov 25;7(11):e018521. PubMed PMID: 29175890.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Is there an association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain? A nested case-control analysis in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. AU - Heuch,Ingrid, AU - Heuch,Ivar, AU - Hagen,Knut, AU - Mai,Xiao-Mei, AU - Langhammer,Arnulf, AU - Zwart,John-Anker, Y1 - 2017/11/25/ PY - 2017/11/28/entrez PY - 2017/11/28/pubmed PY - 2018/7/10/medline KW - back pain KW - epidemiology KW - vitamin D and low back SP - e018521 EP - e018521 JF - BMJ open JO - BMJ Open VL - 7 IS - 11 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To explore potential associations between vitamin D status and risk of chronic low back pain (LBP) in a Norwegian cohort, and to investigate whether relationships depend on the season of blood sample collection. DESIGN: A nested case-control study in a prospective data set. SETTING: The Norwegian community-based Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT). Data were collected in the HUNT2 (1995-1997) and HUNT3 (2006-2008) surveys. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Chronic LBP, defined as LBP persisting at least 3 months continuously during the past year. PARTICIPANTS: Among individuals aged 19-55 years without LBP in HUNT2, a data set was generated including 1685 cases with LBP in HUNT3 and 3137 controls without LBP. METHODS: Blood samples from the participants collected in HUNT2 were analysed for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) level. Associations with LBP in HUNT3 were evaluated by unconditional logistic regression analysis with adjustment for age, sex, work status, physical activity at work and in leisure time, education, smoking, and body mass index. RESULTS: No association between vitamin D status and risk of chronic LBP was found in the total data set (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=1.01, 95% CI 0.97 to 1.06) or in individuals with blood samples collected in summer/autumn (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=0.99, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.06). For blood samples drawn in winter/spring, associations differed significantly between women and men (p=0.004). Among women a positive association was seen (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=1.11, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.20), but among men no significant association was observed (OR per 10 nmol/L 25(OH)D=0.90, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.01). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, no association between vitamin D status and risk of LBP was demonstrated. The association suggested in women for the winter/spring season cannot be regarded as established. SN - 2044-6055 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29175890/Is_there_an_association_between_vitamin_D_status_and_risk_of_chronic_low_back_pain_A_nested_case_control_analysis_in_the_Nord_Trøndelag_Health_Study_ L2 - https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=29175890 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -