Effect of CAD/CAM glass fiber post-core on cement micromorphology and fracture resistance of endodontically treated roots.Am J Dent. 2017 02; 30(1):3-8.AJ
To investigate the fracture resistance of weakened roots restored with prefabricated or CAD/CAM-customized posts and cores as well as the thickness of the cement film and the presence of voids in the cement.
The roots of 40 human premolars were weakened by removing internal dentin with a diamond bur (2.5 mm in the coronal third and 1.5 mm in the apical third) and restored with prefabricated posts (PPs) or customized posts (CPs) with or without a zirconia crown (n= 10). Posts and crowns were cemented with resin cement. Microtomography was used to determine the thickness of the cement film and whether voids were present. After fatigue testing (1 million cycles, 50 N, 5 Hz, 36.5°C), the specimens underwent compression testing with an oblique load (30°, 1 mm/minute) and fracture strengths were recorded (N). Fracture strength and film thickness were analyzed with ANOVA and the Games-Howell test; the variable presence of voids was analyzed with the Mann-Whitney test (α= 5%).
Mean fracture strengths varied between 640.4 and 792.9 N and did not differ significantly between groups. The CP group had a thinner cement film and fewer voids than the PP group. There was a positive, statistically significant correlation (Spearman, R=0.488, P= 0.029) between these variables.
CAD/CAM-manufactured glass-fiber posts and cores do not affect the fracture strength of flared root canals or cause catastrophic failure of the root when used with zirconia crowns.