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Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying.
Pediatrics. 2017 Dec; 140(6)Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To examine, in a large, nationally representative sample of high school students, the association between bullying victimization and carrying weapons to school and to determine to what extent past experience of 1, 2, or 3 additional indicators of peer aggression increases the likelihood of weapon carrying by victims of bullying (VoBs).

METHODS

National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were analyzed for grades 9 to 12 (N = 15 624). VoB groups were determined by self-report of being bullied at school and additional adverse experiences: fighting at school, being threatened or injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety. Weapon carrying was measured by a dichotomized (ie, ≥1 vs 0) report of carrying a gun, knife, or club on school property. VoB groups were compared with nonvictims with respect to weapon carrying by logistic regression adjusting for sex, grade, and race/ethnicity.

RESULTS

When surveyed, 20.2% of students reported being a VoB in the past year, and 4.1% reported carrying a weapon to school in the past month. VoBs experiencing 1, 2, or 3 additional risk factors were successively more likely to carry weapons to school. The subset of VoBs who experienced all 3 additional adverse experiences were more likely to carry weapons to school compared with nonvictims (46.4% vs 2.5%, P < .001).

CONCLUSIONS

Pediatricians should recognize that VoBs, especially those who have experienced 1 or more indicators of peer aggression in conjunction, are at substantially increased risk of weapon carrying.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Lake Success, New York.Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Lake Success, New York. Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and.Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, New York.Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, Lake Success, New York; aadesman@northwell.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29180461

Citation

Pham, Tammy B., et al. "Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying." Pediatrics, vol. 140, no. 6, 2017.
Pham TB, Schapiro LE, John M, et al. Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying. Pediatrics. 2017;140(6).
Pham, T. B., Schapiro, L. E., John, M., & Adesman, A. (2017). Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying. Pediatrics, 140(6). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-0353
Pham TB, et al. Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying. Pediatrics. 2017;140(6) PubMed PMID: 29180461.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Weapon Carrying Among Victims of Bullying. AU - Pham,Tammy B, AU - Schapiro,Lana E, AU - John,Majnu, AU - Adesman,Andrew, PY - 2017/08/11/accepted PY - 2017/11/29/pubmed PY - 2017/12/12/medline PY - 2017/11/29/entrez JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 140 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To examine, in a large, nationally representative sample of high school students, the association between bullying victimization and carrying weapons to school and to determine to what extent past experience of 1, 2, or 3 additional indicators of peer aggression increases the likelihood of weapon carrying by victims of bullying (VoBs). METHODS: National data from the 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey were analyzed for grades 9 to 12 (N = 15 624). VoB groups were determined by self-report of being bullied at school and additional adverse experiences: fighting at school, being threatened or injured at school, and skipping school out of fear for one's safety. Weapon carrying was measured by a dichotomized (ie, ≥1 vs 0) report of carrying a gun, knife, or club on school property. VoB groups were compared with nonvictims with respect to weapon carrying by logistic regression adjusting for sex, grade, and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: When surveyed, 20.2% of students reported being a VoB in the past year, and 4.1% reported carrying a weapon to school in the past month. VoBs experiencing 1, 2, or 3 additional risk factors were successively more likely to carry weapons to school. The subset of VoBs who experienced all 3 additional adverse experiences were more likely to carry weapons to school compared with nonvictims (46.4% vs 2.5%, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Pediatricians should recognize that VoBs, especially those who have experienced 1 or more indicators of peer aggression in conjunction, are at substantially increased risk of weapon carrying. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29180461/Weapon_Carrying_Among_Victims_of_Bullying_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&amp;pmid=29180461 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -