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Chilean berry Ugni molinae Turcz. fruit and leaves extracts with interesting antioxidant, antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitory properties.
Food Res Int. 2017 12; 102:119-128.FR

Abstract

The knowledge of the biological properties of fruits and leaves of murta (Ugni molinae Turcz.) has been owned by native Chilean culture. The present study investigated the phenolic content, the antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-tyrosinase activities of different murta fruit and leaves extracts to approach their uses on future food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Extractions of murta fruit and leaves were carried out under water, ethanol and ethanol 50%. Phenolic content of these extracts was measured through Folin Ciocalteu test and the antioxidant power by four different antioxidant systems (ORAC, FRAP, DPPH and TEAC assays) owing to elucidate the main mechanism of antioxidant. Some flavonoids, such as rutin, isoquercitrin and quercitrin hydrate were identified and quantified through HPLC analysis. Antimicrobial activity was determined measuring minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values against Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes, and the effect of these extracts on L. monocytogenes was confirmed by flow cytometry. Highest contents of polyphenol compounds were obtained in hydroalcoholic extracts (28±1mggallicacid/g dry fruit, and 128±6mggallicacid/g dry leaves). The same trend was found for the values of biological properties: hydroalcoholic extracts showed the strongest activities. Leaves presented higher antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-tyrosinase properties than murta fruit. Highest antioxidant activity values according to ORAC, FRAP, TEAC and DPPH were 80±8mgTrolox/g, 70±2mgTrolox/g, 87±8mgTrolox/g and 110±12mgTrolox/g, respectively, for murta fruit samples, and 280±10mgTrolox/g, 192±4mgTrolox/g, 286±13mgTrolox/g and 361±13mgTrolox/g, respectively, for murta leaves. These activities were confirmed by HPLC analysis that revealed highest presence of analyzed compounds on leaves hydroalcoholic extract. Regarding to antimicrobial analysis, hydroalcoholic leaves extract presented the highest activity presenting the lowest MIC value for L. monocytogenes (0.07mg/mL). This extract also performed the highest anti-tyrosinase activity (CE50 values of 1.6±0.3 (g/L) and 8.9±1.2 (g/L) for leaves and fruit, respectively).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Food Packaging Laboratory (LABEN-CHILE), Department of Science and Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile. Electronic address: analopez.dediscastillo@usach.cl.Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Food Packaging Laboratory (LABEN-CHILE), Department of Science and Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile.Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Food Packaging Laboratory (LABEN-CHILE), Department of Science and Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile.Packaging Lab, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos, IATA-CSIC, Av. Agustín Escardino 7, 46980 Paterna, Spain.Centro de Investigacións Tecnolóxicas (CIT), Universidad de A Coruña, Campus de Esteiro s/n, 15403 Ferrol, Spain.Center for the Development of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (CEDENNA), Food Packaging Laboratory (LABEN-CHILE), Department of Science and Food Technology, Faculty of Technology, University of Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29195930

Citation

López de Dicastillo, Carol, et al. "Chilean Berry Ugni Molinae Turcz. Fruit and Leaves Extracts With Interesting Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Properties." Food Research International (Ottawa, Ont.), vol. 102, 2017, pp. 119-128.
López de Dicastillo C, Bustos F, Valenzuela X, et al. Chilean berry Ugni molinae Turcz. fruit and leaves extracts with interesting antioxidant, antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitory properties. Food Res Int. 2017;102:119-128.
López de Dicastillo, C., Bustos, F., Valenzuela, X., López-Carballo, G., Vilariño, J. M., & Galotto, M. J. (2017). Chilean berry Ugni molinae Turcz. fruit and leaves extracts with interesting antioxidant, antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitory properties. Food Research International (Ottawa, Ont.), 102, 119-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.09.073
López de Dicastillo C, et al. Chilean Berry Ugni Molinae Turcz. Fruit and Leaves Extracts With Interesting Antioxidant, Antimicrobial and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Properties. Food Res Int. 2017;102:119-128. PubMed PMID: 29195930.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Chilean berry Ugni molinae Turcz. fruit and leaves extracts with interesting antioxidant, antimicrobial and tyrosinase inhibitory properties. AU - López de Dicastillo,Carol, AU - Bustos,Fernanda, AU - Valenzuela,Ximena, AU - López-Carballo,Gracia, AU - Vilariño,Jose M, AU - Galotto,Maria Jose, Y1 - 2017/09/28/ PY - 2017/08/01/received PY - 2017/09/20/revised PY - 2017/09/25/accepted PY - 2017/12/3/entrez PY - 2017/12/3/pubmed PY - 2019/8/20/medline KW - 2,2-Diphenyl-1-pícrylhydrazyl (DPPH) (PubChem CID 74358) KW - 2,2′-Azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) (PubChem CID 90658258) KW - AAPH (2,2-Azobis (2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride (PubChem CID 76344) KW - Antimicrobial KW - Antioxidant KW - Arbutin (PubChem CID 440936) KW - Ferric 2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine (TPTZ) (PubChem CID 77258) KW - Fluorescein (PubChem CID 16850) KW - Gallic acid (PubChem CID 370) KW - Kojic acid (PubChem CID 3840) KW - Murta KW - Natural extract KW - Polyphenols KW - Sodium carbonate (PubChem CID 10340) KW - Trolox ((PubChem CID 40634) KW - Tyrosinase inhibitor SP - 119 EP - 128 JF - Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.) JO - Food Res Int VL - 102 N2 - The knowledge of the biological properties of fruits and leaves of murta (Ugni molinae Turcz.) has been owned by native Chilean culture. The present study investigated the phenolic content, the antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-tyrosinase activities of different murta fruit and leaves extracts to approach their uses on future food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic applications. Extractions of murta fruit and leaves were carried out under water, ethanol and ethanol 50%. Phenolic content of these extracts was measured through Folin Ciocalteu test and the antioxidant power by four different antioxidant systems (ORAC, FRAP, DPPH and TEAC assays) owing to elucidate the main mechanism of antioxidant. Some flavonoids, such as rutin, isoquercitrin and quercitrin hydrate were identified and quantified through HPLC analysis. Antimicrobial activity was determined measuring minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values against Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes, and the effect of these extracts on L. monocytogenes was confirmed by flow cytometry. Highest contents of polyphenol compounds were obtained in hydroalcoholic extracts (28±1mggallicacid/g dry fruit, and 128±6mggallicacid/g dry leaves). The same trend was found for the values of biological properties: hydroalcoholic extracts showed the strongest activities. Leaves presented higher antioxidant, antimicrobial and anti-tyrosinase properties than murta fruit. Highest antioxidant activity values according to ORAC, FRAP, TEAC and DPPH were 80±8mgTrolox/g, 70±2mgTrolox/g, 87±8mgTrolox/g and 110±12mgTrolox/g, respectively, for murta fruit samples, and 280±10mgTrolox/g, 192±4mgTrolox/g, 286±13mgTrolox/g and 361±13mgTrolox/g, respectively, for murta leaves. These activities were confirmed by HPLC analysis that revealed highest presence of analyzed compounds on leaves hydroalcoholic extract. Regarding to antimicrobial analysis, hydroalcoholic leaves extract presented the highest activity presenting the lowest MIC value for L. monocytogenes (0.07mg/mL). This extract also performed the highest anti-tyrosinase activity (CE50 values of 1.6±0.3 (g/L) and 8.9±1.2 (g/L) for leaves and fruit, respectively). SN - 1873-7145 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29195930/Chilean_berry_Ugni_molinae_Turcz__fruit_and_leaves_extracts_with_interesting_antioxidant_antimicrobial_and_tyrosinase_inhibitory_properties_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0963-9969(17)30658-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -