Chlorogenic acids and flavonoid extraction during the preparation of yerba mate based beverages.Food Res Int. 2017 12; 102:348-354.FR
This study determined the content of chlorogenic acids (CA) and rutin during successive aqueous extraction of yerba mate for tererê and chimarrão from four yerba mate types (smooth, native, traditional and coarse ground). Aqueous extracts were prepared aiming to simulate homemade procedure by partially (chimarrão) or completely (tererê) immersing the herb into hot (chimarrão) or cold (tererê) water (30 times consecutively). The content of CA and rutin in the aqueous extracts was compared to those in methanolic extracts (exhaustive extraction). Tererê aqueous extracts gave higher amounts of all phenolic compounds (2.5 to 6 times higher than chimarrão). Among chimarrão, course-ground aqueous extracts had on average 15% more PC (phenolic compounds). By comparing the content in aqueous and methanolic extracts, after 30 successive extractions, on average 14% of the total amount of CA in yerba mate leaves and 9% of rutin were transferred to the chimarrão extracts, whereas tererê achieved between 40% and 100% of transference. Thus, this study shows that CA and rutin are continuously extracted during the preparation of aqueous extracts of chimarrão and tererê, favoring a high intake of these antioxidant species by consumers.