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The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus spp. on the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877).
Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019 03; 11(1):198-206.PA

Abstract

The combined effects of a commercial probiotic, BetaPlus®, and a prebiotic, isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOS) on the growth, survival rate, intestinal microbiota, and hemato-immunological parameters were evaluated in Caspian brown trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). Caspian brown trout fingerlings (~ 9 g) were fed a control diet (basal diet) or a synbiotic diet (the basal diet + 2 g kg-1 IMOS + 1 g kg-1 BetaPlus®) for 7 weeks. At the end of this trial, fish fed the synbiotic diet showed significant improvements in body weight increase, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate compared with fish fed the control diet (P < 0.05). In addition, fish fed the synbiotic diet had the highest levels of white blood cells, monocytes, and neutrophils (P < 0.05), while the red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematrocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and lymphocytes were significantly higher in the control group (P < 0.05). The serum triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, albumin/globulin ratio, and immunoglobulin M levels, as well as alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activities were higher in the synbiotic group than in the control group (P < 0.05). In addition, fish fed the synbiotic diet showed significantly higher gut total viable aerobic bacterial counts and lactic acid bacteria (P < 0.05). The results demonstrated that BetaPlus® in combination with IMOS enhanced the growth, survival rate, intestinal microbiota, and some haemato-immunological parameters in Caspian brown trout fingerlings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Fisheries, College of Natural Resources, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box: 79159-1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran. maryam.aftabgard@yahoo.com.Department of Fisheries, College of Natural Resources, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box: 79159-1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran.Coldwater Fishes Research Center (CFRC), Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), P.O.Box: 46815-467, Tonekabon, Iran.Department of Fisheries, College of Natural Resources, Bandar Abbas Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box: 79159-1311, Bandar Abbas, Iran.Department of Aquatic Animal Health and Diseases, Iranian Fisheries Science Research Institute (IFSRI), Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), P.O.Box: 15745-133, Tehran, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29196919

Citation

Aftabgard, Maryam, et al. "The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus Spp. On the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta Caspius Kessler, 1877)." Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, vol. 11, no. 1, 2019, pp. 198-206.
Aftabgard M, Salarzadeh A, Mohseni M, et al. The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus spp. on the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11(1):198-206.
Aftabgard, M., Salarzadeh, A., Mohseni, M., Bahri Shabanipour, A. H., & Zorriehzahra, M. E. J. (2019). The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus spp. on the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins, 11(1), 198-206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-017-9361-z
Aftabgard M, et al. The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus Spp. On the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta Caspius Kessler, 1877). Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins. 2019;11(1):198-206. PubMed PMID: 29196919.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Combined Efficiency of Dietary Isomaltooligosaccharides and Bacillus spp. on the Growth, Hemato-Serological, and Intestinal Microbiota Indices of Caspian Brown Trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). AU - Aftabgard,Maryam, AU - Salarzadeh,Alireza, AU - Mohseni,Mahmoud, AU - Bahri Shabanipour,Amir Houshang, AU - Zorriehzahra,Mohammad Ebrahim Jalil, PY - 2017/12/3/pubmed PY - 2019/8/27/medline PY - 2017/12/3/entrez KW - BetaPlus® KW - Gut microbiota KW - Hemato-immunological KW - Isomaltooligosaccharides KW - Salmo trutta caspius SP - 198 EP - 206 JF - Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins JO - Probiotics Antimicrob Proteins VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - The combined effects of a commercial probiotic, BetaPlus®, and a prebiotic, isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOS) on the growth, survival rate, intestinal microbiota, and hemato-immunological parameters were evaluated in Caspian brown trout (Salmo trutta caspius Kessler, 1877). Caspian brown trout fingerlings (~ 9 g) were fed a control diet (basal diet) or a synbiotic diet (the basal diet + 2 g kg-1 IMOS + 1 g kg-1 BetaPlus®) for 7 weeks. At the end of this trial, fish fed the synbiotic diet showed significant improvements in body weight increase, feed conversion ratio, and survival rate compared with fish fed the control diet (P < 0.05). In addition, fish fed the synbiotic diet had the highest levels of white blood cells, monocytes, and neutrophils (P < 0.05), while the red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematrocrit, mean corpuscular volume, and lymphocytes were significantly higher in the control group (P < 0.05). The serum triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, albumin/globulin ratio, and immunoglobulin M levels, as well as alanine aminotransferase and lactate dehydrogenase activities were higher in the synbiotic group than in the control group (P < 0.05). In addition, fish fed the synbiotic diet showed significantly higher gut total viable aerobic bacterial counts and lactic acid bacteria (P < 0.05). The results demonstrated that BetaPlus® in combination with IMOS enhanced the growth, survival rate, intestinal microbiota, and some haemato-immunological parameters in Caspian brown trout fingerlings. SN - 1867-1314 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29196919/The_Combined_Efficiency_of_Dietary_Isomaltooligosaccharides_and_Bacillus_spp__on_the_Growth_Hemato_Serological_and_Intestinal_Microbiota_Indices_of_Caspian_Brown_Trout__Salmo_trutta_caspius_Kessler_1877__ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12602-017-9361-z DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -