Studies of neutrophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis in metabisulfite sensitivity.Ann Allergy 1989; 62(2):117-21AA
The mechanism(s) of adverse reactions to sulfites remains unclear. To determine whether mast cell degranulation is involved in sulfite sensitivity, we performed single-blind, placebo-controlled oral aqueous challenges with potassium metabisulfite in 13 patients with histories suggestive of sulfite sensitivity. Ten patients were also skin tested with potassium metabisulfite at 10 mg/mL and all had negative reactions. Serum samples were obtained from all the patients before the challenge and for 180 minutes after the challenge. The samples were tested for the presence of neutrophil chemotactic factor of anaphylaxis, using both a 51chromium microchamber chemotaxis assay and a leukocyte polarization technique. Six of 13 patients had positive challenges as defined by a fall equal to or greater than 20% in their forced expiratory volume in one second. No significant increase in neutrophil chemotactic factor activity was detected in the postchallenge serum samples from patients who experienced positive or negative challenges. We conclude that sensitivity to aqueous metabisulfite is not associated with mast cell degranulation in metabisulfite skin test-negative patients.