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Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2018; 35(6):829-839AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine bereaved parents' physical, mental, and social health during the first 6 months after their child's (<12 years) death from a life-threatening illness.

BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE

Bereaved parents have higher mortality and morbidity rates when compared to nonbereaved parents. Acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes are highest in the first 6 months. An understanding of bereaved parents' health risk indicators can help inform development of health promotion and disease prevention measures. Methods and Analysis: A prospective descriptive study examined 8 parent dyads. Parents completed health surveys (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-global, social, and sleep; Brief Symptom Inventory [BSI] 18), which are used to assess parents' health at 3 and 6 months after their child's death. Demographic data included a medical history, hospital or emergency department visits, and smoking and alcohol intake. Descriptive statistics were used to compare parents' scores to US general population scores.

FINDINGS

Mothers' and fathers' physical, mental, and sleep health scores were typically within 1 to 2 standard deviations of the population norms. However, their social health scores were as low as 3 standard deviations and all parents' scores were below population norms. Four (25%) of the 16 parents had new diagnosis during the first 6 months. Based on the BSI-18, 3 parents had their scores above population cutoffs, which warranted a need for further clinical evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS

Health data highlight the "at-risk" health status of bereaved parents. Further validation of these data is required to support the development of health promotion and disease prevention programs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 College of Nursing, Department of Nursing Science, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA.2 Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC, USA.3 School of Nursing, Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN, USA.2 Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29202599

Citation

Dias, Nancy, et al. "Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death." The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, vol. 35, no. 6, 2018, pp. 829-839.
Dias N, Brandon D, Haase JE, et al. Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2018;35(6):829-839.
Dias, N., Brandon, D., Haase, J. E., & Tanabe, P. (2018). Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death. The American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care, 35(6), pp. 829-839. doi:10.1177/1049909117744188.
Dias N, et al. Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2018;35(6):829-839. PubMed PMID: 29202599.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bereaved Parents' Health Status During the First 6 Months After Their Child's Death. AU - Dias,Nancy, AU - Brandon,Debra, AU - Haase,Joan E, AU - Tanabe,Paula, Y1 - 2017/12/04/ PY - 2017/12/6/pubmed PY - 2018/10/4/medline PY - 2017/12/6/entrez KW - bereaved parents KW - bereavement programs KW - child’s death KW - health outcomes KW - health status KW - palliative and end-of-life KW - parental bereavement KW - pediatric bereavement care SP - 829 EP - 839 JF - The American journal of hospice & palliative care JO - Am J Hosp Palliat Care VL - 35 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: To examine bereaved parents' physical, mental, and social health during the first 6 months after their child's (<12 years) death from a life-threatening illness. BACKGROUND AND SIGNIFICANCE: Bereaved parents have higher mortality and morbidity rates when compared to nonbereaved parents. Acute illnesses, hospitalizations, and medication changes are highest in the first 6 months. An understanding of bereaved parents' health risk indicators can help inform development of health promotion and disease prevention measures. Methods and Analysis: A prospective descriptive study examined 8 parent dyads. Parents completed health surveys (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System-global, social, and sleep; Brief Symptom Inventory [BSI] 18), which are used to assess parents' health at 3 and 6 months after their child's death. Demographic data included a medical history, hospital or emergency department visits, and smoking and alcohol intake. Descriptive statistics were used to compare parents' scores to US general population scores. FINDINGS: Mothers' and fathers' physical, mental, and sleep health scores were typically within 1 to 2 standard deviations of the population norms. However, their social health scores were as low as 3 standard deviations and all parents' scores were below population norms. Four (25%) of the 16 parents had new diagnosis during the first 6 months. Based on the BSI-18, 3 parents had their scores above population cutoffs, which warranted a need for further clinical evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: Health data highlight the "at-risk" health status of bereaved parents. Further validation of these data is required to support the development of health promotion and disease prevention programs. SN - 1938-2715 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29202599/Bereaved_Parents'_Health_Status_During_the_First_6_Months_After_Their_Child's_Death_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1049909117744188?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -