[Long-snake moxibustion for rheumatoid arthritis:a randomized controlled trial].Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2016; 36(7):694-698ZZ
To observe the clinical efficacy differences among long-snake moxibustion, warm needling and western medication on rheumatoid arthritis and explore its effect mechanism.
One hundred and twenty patients were randomized into a long-snake moxibustion group, a warm needling group and a western medication group, 40 cases in each one. In the long-snake moxibustion group, the long-snake moxibustion was used. The ginger-isolated moxibustion was applied along the governor vessel, from Dazhui (GV 14) to Yaoshu (GV 2), once a month, for 2 months. In the warm needling group, the main points included Dazhui (GV 14), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Zhiyang (GV 9), Mingmen (GV 4) and Yaoyangguan (GV 3). The warm needling technique was used at 4 to 5 points each time, and 3 moxa cones were required at each points. The treatment was given once every two days, for 2 months. In the western medication group, methotrexate was prescribed for oral administration, 10 mg each time, once a week. If the joint pain score or joint swelling score was up to 6, diclofenac sodium was combined, 25 mg each time, 3 times a day, for 2 months. The symptom score, physical sign score, the visual analogue scale (VAS) score, levels of rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP), immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) were observed before and after treatment in the patients of the three groups.
The treatments relieved the symptoms and physical signs of rheumatoid arthritis and improved VAS score and the levels of serum RF, ESR, CRP, IgM and IgG in all of the three groups (all P<0.01). The efficacy in the long-snake moxibustion group was significantly better than that in the warm needling group and the western medication group (P<0.05, P<0.01).
The long-snake moxibustion achieves the significant clinical efficacy on rheumatoid arthritis, better than warm needling therapy and methotrexate. This therapy much better reduces immune response and alleviates the sickness.