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Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist.
Ann Pharmacother. 2018 05; 52(5):462-472.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review the efficacy, safety, and economics of abaloparatide in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

DATA SOURCES

PubMed (1966 to October 2017), Clinicaltrials.gov (October 2017), and Scopus (1970 to October 2017) were searched using abaloparatide, Tymlos, BA058, PTHrP 1-34 analog, and parathyroid hormone-related peptide 1-34 analog.

STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION

Human studies published in peer-reviewed publications in English were the primary sources for efficacy, safety, and economic data.

DATA SYNTHESIS

In the 2 randomized, published clinical studies of 24 weeks and 18 months duration, bone mineral density changes were higher for abaloparatide (lumbar spine, 6.7%-11.2%; femoral head, 3.1%-3.2%; total hip, 2.6%-4.2%) compared with placebo (lumbar spine, 0.6%-1.6%; femoral head, -0.4% to 0.8%; total hip, -0.1% to 0.4%; P < 0.05) and compared with teriparatide in the 24-week study (total hip 2.6% vs +0.5%, P < 0.05). New vertebral and nonvertebral fractures occurred in 0.6% and 2.7% of patients on abaloparatide compared with 4.2% and 4.7% on placebo in the 18-month study (P < 0.05). Abaloparatide appears to have a somewhat higher risk for adverse effects, discontinuation as a result of adverse effects, and serious or severe adverse effects than teriparatide, but teriparatide has a higher risk for hypercalcemia. Pharmacoeconomic modeling appears to favor abaloparatide if differences in efficacy and cost are maintained.

CONCLUSION

Abaloparatide, which has less effect on osteoclasts, is an alternative to teriparatide in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis who are at high risk for fractures or who have failed antiresorptive therapy based on initial clinical studies and economic modeling.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA.1 University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA.1 University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29241341

Citation

Boyce, Eric G., et al. "Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist." The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, vol. 52, no. 5, 2018, pp. 462-472.
Boyce EG, Mai Y, Pham C. Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist. Ann Pharmacother. 2018;52(5):462-472.
Boyce, E. G., Mai, Y., & Pham, C. (2018). Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist. The Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 52(5), 462-472. https://doi.org/10.1177/1060028017748649
Boyce EG, Mai Y, Pham C. Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist. Ann Pharmacother. 2018;52(5):462-472. PubMed PMID: 29241341.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Abaloparatide: Review of a Next-Generation Parathyroid Hormone Agonist. AU - Boyce,Eric G, AU - Mai,Yvonne, AU - Pham,Christopher, Y1 - 2017/12/14/ PY - 2017/12/16/pubmed PY - 2019/9/24/medline PY - 2017/12/16/entrez KW - abaloparatide KW - parathyroid hormone agonist KW - postmenopausal osteoporosis SP - 462 EP - 472 JF - The Annals of pharmacotherapy JO - Ann Pharmacother VL - 52 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy, safety, and economics of abaloparatide in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. DATA SOURCES: PubMed (1966 to October 2017), Clinicaltrials.gov (October 2017), and Scopus (1970 to October 2017) were searched using abaloparatide, Tymlos, BA058, PTHrP 1-34 analog, and parathyroid hormone-related peptide 1-34 analog. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Human studies published in peer-reviewed publications in English were the primary sources for efficacy, safety, and economic data. DATA SYNTHESIS: In the 2 randomized, published clinical studies of 24 weeks and 18 months duration, bone mineral density changes were higher for abaloparatide (lumbar spine, 6.7%-11.2%; femoral head, 3.1%-3.2%; total hip, 2.6%-4.2%) compared with placebo (lumbar spine, 0.6%-1.6%; femoral head, -0.4% to 0.8%; total hip, -0.1% to 0.4%; P < 0.05) and compared with teriparatide in the 24-week study (total hip 2.6% vs +0.5%, P < 0.05). New vertebral and nonvertebral fractures occurred in 0.6% and 2.7% of patients on abaloparatide compared with 4.2% and 4.7% on placebo in the 18-month study (P < 0.05). Abaloparatide appears to have a somewhat higher risk for adverse effects, discontinuation as a result of adverse effects, and serious or severe adverse effects than teriparatide, but teriparatide has a higher risk for hypercalcemia. Pharmacoeconomic modeling appears to favor abaloparatide if differences in efficacy and cost are maintained. CONCLUSION: Abaloparatide, which has less effect on osteoclasts, is an alternative to teriparatide in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis who are at high risk for fractures or who have failed antiresorptive therapy based on initial clinical studies and economic modeling. SN - 1542-6270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29241341/Abaloparatide:_Review_of_a_Next_Generation_Parathyroid_Hormone_Agonist_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1060028017748649?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -