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Correlates of ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents: The HELENA study.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018 02; 28(2):187-194.NM

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS

The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents.

METHODS AND RESULTS

The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data. Participants were part of the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study, a cross-sectional, multicenter study conducted in 9 different European countries. Correlates investigated were sex and age, family affluence scale, maternal education, geographic location, sleep time, television viewing, duration of pregnancy, birth weight and breastfeeding. Younger adolescents, those whose mothers had medium/high education or those who watched television less than 2 h per day had a greater number of iCVH components compared to those who were older, had a mother with low education or watched television 2 h or more daily (P ≤ 0.01).

CONCLUSION

Since in our study older adolescents had worse iCVH than younger adolescents, early promotion of cardiovascular health may be important. Future studies may also investigate the usefulness of limiting television viewing to promote iCVH. Finally, since adolescents of mothers with low education had poorer iCVH, it may be of special interest to tailor public health promotion to adolescents from families with low socioeconomic status.

Authors+Show Affiliations

PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain; Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden. Electronic address: pontus.henriksson@ki.se.PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain.Department of Health Sciences, Public University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain.Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), Lyon, France.PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain; Children's Health and Exercise Research Centre (CHERC), Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain; Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.Department of Physical Education, School of Education, University of Cádiz, Spain.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.ImFine Research Group, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte-INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; CIBER: CB12/03/30038 Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Spain.Immunonutrition Research Group, Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Instituto del Frio, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain.GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Universidad de Zaragoza, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón (IIS Aragón), Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Spain.Department of Medical Physiology, School of Medicine, University of Granada, Spain.PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health through physical activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Spain; Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29241667

Citation

Henriksson, P, et al. "Correlates of Ideal Cardiovascular Health in European Adolescents: the HELENA Study." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 28, no. 2, 2018, pp. 187-194.
Henriksson P, Henriksson H, Labayen I, et al. Correlates of ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents: The HELENA study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;28(2):187-194.
Henriksson, P., Henriksson, H., Labayen, I., Huybrechts, I., Gracia-Marco, L., Ortega, F. B., España-Romero, V., Manios, Y., González-Gross, M., Marcos, A., Moreno, L. A., Gutiérrez, Á., & Ruiz, J. R. (2018). Correlates of ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents: The HELENA study. Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 28(2), 187-194. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2017.10.018
Henriksson P, et al. Correlates of Ideal Cardiovascular Health in European Adolescents: the HELENA Study. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;28(2):187-194. PubMed PMID: 29241667.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlates of ideal cardiovascular health in European adolescents: The HELENA study. AU - Henriksson,P, AU - Henriksson,H, AU - Labayen,I, AU - Huybrechts,I, AU - Gracia-Marco,L, AU - Ortega,F B, AU - España-Romero,V, AU - Manios,Y, AU - González-Gross,M, AU - Marcos,A, AU - Moreno,L A, AU - Gutiérrez,Á, AU - Ruiz,J R, AU - ,, Y1 - 2017/10/28/ PY - 2017/05/10/received PY - 2017/10/19/revised PY - 2017/10/20/accepted PY - 2017/12/16/pubmed PY - 2019/3/15/medline PY - 2017/12/16/entrez KW - Cardiovascular health KW - Epidemiology KW - Prevention KW - Public health KW - Risk factor KW - Socioeconomic status KW - Television SP - 187 EP - 194 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 28 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data. Participants were part of the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study, a cross-sectional, multicenter study conducted in 9 different European countries. Correlates investigated were sex and age, family affluence scale, maternal education, geographic location, sleep time, television viewing, duration of pregnancy, birth weight and breastfeeding. Younger adolescents, those whose mothers had medium/high education or those who watched television less than 2 h per day had a greater number of iCVH components compared to those who were older, had a mother with low education or watched television 2 h or more daily (P ≤ 0.01). CONCLUSION: Since in our study older adolescents had worse iCVH than younger adolescents, early promotion of cardiovascular health may be important. Future studies may also investigate the usefulness of limiting television viewing to promote iCVH. Finally, since adolescents of mothers with low education had poorer iCVH, it may be of special interest to tailor public health promotion to adolescents from families with low socioeconomic status. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29241667/Correlates_of_ideal_cardiovascular_health_in_European_adolescents:_The_HELENA_study L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(17)30258-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -