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Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: A Systematic Review.
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018 Feb; 33(1):77-88.PD

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Haiti remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world. Children in Haiti face many health concerns, some of which were exacerbated by the 2010 earthquake. This systematic review summarizes published research conducted since the 2010 earthquake, focusing on health outcomes for children in Haiti, including physical, psychological, and socioeconomic well-being.

METHODS

A literature search was conducted identifying articles published from January 2010 through May 2016 related to pediatric health outcomes in Haiti. Two reviewers screened articles independently. Included research articles described at least one physical health, psychological health, or socioeconomic outcome among children less than 18 years of age in Haiti since the January 2010 earthquake.

RESULTS

Fifty-eight full-length research articles were reviewed, covering infectious diseases (non-cholera [N=12] and cholera [N=7]), nutrition (N=11), traumatic injuries (N=11), mental health (N=9), anemia (N=4), abuse and violence (N=5), and other topics (N=3). Many children were injured in the 2010 earthquake, and care of their injuries is described in the literature. Infectious diseases were a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among children following the earthquake, with cholera being one of the most important etiologies. The literature also revealed that large numbers of children in Haiti have significant symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), peri-traumatic stress, depression, and anxiety, and that food insecurity and malnutrition continue to be important issues.

CONCLUSIONS

Future health programs in Haiti should focus on provision of clean water, sanitation, and other measures to prevent infectious diseases. Mental health programming and services for children also appear to be greatly needed, and food insecurity/malnutrition must be addressed if children are to lead healthy, productive lives. Given the burden of injury after the 2010 earthquake, further research on long-term disabilities among children in Haiti is needed. Dube A , Moffatt M , Davison C , Bartels S . Health outcomes for children in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake: a systematic review. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):77-88.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1Faculty of Arts and Sciences,Queen's University,Kingston,Ontario,Canada.2School of Nursing,Queen's University,Kingston,Ontario,Canada.3Department of Public Health Sciences,Queen's University,Kingston,Ontario,Canada.3Department of Public Health Sciences,Queen's University,Kingston,Ontario,Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29248034

Citation

Dube, Annie, et al. "Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: a Systematic Review." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, vol. 33, no. 1, 2018, pp. 77-88.
Dube A, Moffatt M, Davison C, et al. Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: A Systematic Review. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):77-88.
Dube, A., Moffatt, M., Davison, C., & Bartels, S. (2018). Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: A Systematic Review. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, 33(1), 77-88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049023X17007105
Dube A, et al. Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: a Systematic Review. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):77-88. PubMed PMID: 29248034.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Health Outcomes for Children in Haiti Since the 2010 Earthquake: A Systematic Review. AU - Dube,Annie, AU - Moffatt,Madeline, AU - Davison,Colleen, AU - Bartels,Susan, Y1 - 2017/12/18/ PY - 2017/12/19/pubmed PY - 2018/9/1/medline PY - 2017/12/18/entrez KW - DHS Demographic and Health Survey KW - EBD emotional and behavioral difficulties KW - LNS lipid-based nutrient supplement KW - PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder KW - UN United Nations KW - Haiti KW - children KW - health KW - outcomes SP - 77 EP - 88 JF - Prehospital and disaster medicine JO - Prehosp Disaster Med VL - 33 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Haiti remains the poorest country in the Americas and one of the poorest in the world. Children in Haiti face many health concerns, some of which were exacerbated by the 2010 earthquake. This systematic review summarizes published research conducted since the 2010 earthquake, focusing on health outcomes for children in Haiti, including physical, psychological, and socioeconomic well-being. METHODS: A literature search was conducted identifying articles published from January 2010 through May 2016 related to pediatric health outcomes in Haiti. Two reviewers screened articles independently. Included research articles described at least one physical health, psychological health, or socioeconomic outcome among children less than 18 years of age in Haiti since the January 2010 earthquake. RESULTS: Fifty-eight full-length research articles were reviewed, covering infectious diseases (non-cholera [N=12] and cholera [N=7]), nutrition (N=11), traumatic injuries (N=11), mental health (N=9), anemia (N=4), abuse and violence (N=5), and other topics (N=3). Many children were injured in the 2010 earthquake, and care of their injuries is described in the literature. Infectious diseases were a significant cause of morbidity and mortality among children following the earthquake, with cholera being one of the most important etiologies. The literature also revealed that large numbers of children in Haiti have significant symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), peri-traumatic stress, depression, and anxiety, and that food insecurity and malnutrition continue to be important issues. CONCLUSIONS: Future health programs in Haiti should focus on provision of clean water, sanitation, and other measures to prevent infectious diseases. Mental health programming and services for children also appear to be greatly needed, and food insecurity/malnutrition must be addressed if children are to lead healthy, productive lives. Given the burden of injury after the 2010 earthquake, further research on long-term disabilities among children in Haiti is needed. Dube A , Moffatt M , Davison C , Bartels S . Health outcomes for children in Haiti since the 2010 earthquake: a systematic review. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2018;33(1):77-88. SN - 1945-1938 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29248034/Health_Outcomes_for_Children_in_Haiti_Since_the_2010_Earthquake:_A_Systematic_Review_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S1049023X17007105/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -