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Co-morbidities in Chinese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disabilities.
Dyslexia. 2018 Aug; 24(3):276-293.D

Abstract

The co-morbidity of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disorder (RD) is more frequent than expected. This investigation assessed the potential uniqueness of the co-morbidity of ADHD and RD and extended existing findings to the Chinese language. A parallel group design with a post hoc analysis of group differences was employed to compare 4 groups of children (30 with ADHD, 33 with RD, 28 with ADHD + RD, and 30 typically developing) regarding their reading comprehension, attention, reading-related abilities, and cognitive abilities. The findings indicated that children with RD and/or ADHD symptom(s) exhibited diverse cognitive profiles, and the distinguishing factor contributed to different inhibitions. Additionally, Chinese-speaking children with the co-morbid symptoms of RD and ADHD demonstrated greater deficits in auditory working memory and rapid naming than did the pure-deficit groups. Furthermore, although problems with phonological awareness were similar between the 2 groups, the deficiency of orthographic knowledge was more severe in children with RD than in the co-morbid group. The ADHD + RD group's cognitive and reading-related abilities displayed a relatively complicated pattern that should be considered in the diagnosis of either RD or ADHD and their remediation design.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Special Education and Counselling, Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.Department of Special Education and Counselling, Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. Department of Early Childhood Education, Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29271537

Citation

Wang, Li-Chih, and Kevin Kien Hoa Chung. "Co-morbidities in Chinese Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder and Reading Disabilities." Dyslexia (Chichester, England), vol. 24, no. 3, 2018, pp. 276-293.
Wang LC, Chung KKH. Co-morbidities in Chinese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disabilities. Dyslexia. 2018;24(3):276-293.
Wang, L. C., & Chung, K. K. H. (2018). Co-morbidities in Chinese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disabilities. Dyslexia (Chichester, England), 24(3), 276-293. https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.1579
Wang LC, Chung KKH. Co-morbidities in Chinese Children With Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder and Reading Disabilities. Dyslexia. 2018;24(3):276-293. PubMed PMID: 29271537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Co-morbidities in Chinese children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and reading disabilities. AU - Wang,Li-Chih, AU - Chung,Kevin Kien Hoa, Y1 - 2017/12/22/ PY - 2016/05/17/received PY - 2017/11/07/revised PY - 2017/11/14/accepted PY - 2017/12/23/pubmed PY - 2018/10/30/medline PY - 2017/12/23/entrez SP - 276 EP - 293 JF - Dyslexia (Chichester, England) JO - Dyslexia VL - 24 IS - 3 N2 - The co-morbidity of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and reading disorder (RD) is more frequent than expected. This investigation assessed the potential uniqueness of the co-morbidity of ADHD and RD and extended existing findings to the Chinese language. A parallel group design with a post hoc analysis of group differences was employed to compare 4 groups of children (30 with ADHD, 33 with RD, 28 with ADHD + RD, and 30 typically developing) regarding their reading comprehension, attention, reading-related abilities, and cognitive abilities. The findings indicated that children with RD and/or ADHD symptom(s) exhibited diverse cognitive profiles, and the distinguishing factor contributed to different inhibitions. Additionally, Chinese-speaking children with the co-morbid symptoms of RD and ADHD demonstrated greater deficits in auditory working memory and rapid naming than did the pure-deficit groups. Furthermore, although problems with phonological awareness were similar between the 2 groups, the deficiency of orthographic knowledge was more severe in children with RD than in the co-morbid group. The ADHD + RD group's cognitive and reading-related abilities displayed a relatively complicated pattern that should be considered in the diagnosis of either RD or ADHD and their remediation design. SN - 1099-0909 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29271537/Co_morbidities_in_Chinese_children_with_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_and_reading_disabilities_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -