Emergence and establishment of KPC-2-producing ST11 Klebsiella pneumoniae in a general hospital in Shanghai, China.Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018 Feb; 37(2):293-299.EJ
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) collected during an outbreak in a Chinese teaching hospital and to provide insights into the prevention and control of nosocomial infection. We collected unique CRKP clinical isolates from 2009 to 2013. Antibiotic-resistant genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing. The isolates were typed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Plasmids were classified using a PCR-based incompatibility/replicon typing method and a replicon sequence typing method. Conjugation experiments were performed to evaluate the transferability of carbapenem-resistant genes. Whole genome sequencing (WGS) was conducted to further investigate the genetic background of the isolates. Infection control practices were reviewed throughout the study period. Klebsiella pneumoniae sequence type (ST) 11 emerged in 2010 and acquired the bla KPC-2 gene by 2011. From 2011 to 2013, ST11 KPC-2-producing CRKP (G type) prevailed as the most common CRKP in our hospital, causing a prolonged outbreak. The majority of these CRKP strains possess an IncFII plasmid, with Tn1721-bla KPC-2-ΔTn3-IS26 bearing the genetic structure for bla KPC-2. Infection prevention control measures available at the time contained the initial outbreak, but had no effect on the spread of CRKP later. This study demonstrated the seriousness concerning the spread of KPC-2-producing ST11 CRKP in a Chinese hospital, indicating that current prevention and control strategies for carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) nosocomial infection need to be investigated and adjusted.