Comparison of Percentile Weight Gain of Growth-Friendly Constructs in Early-Onset Scoliosis.Spine Deform 2018; 6(1):43-47SD
Multicenter retrospective cohort.
To compare improvement in nutritional status seen in early-onset scoliosis (EOS) patients following treatment with various growth-friendly techniques, especially in underweight patients (<20th weight percentile).
Thoracic insufficiency resulting from EOS can lead to severe cardiopulmonary disease. In this age group, pulmonary function tests are often difficult or impossible to perform. Weight gain has been used in prior studies as a proxy for improvement and has been demonstrated following VEPTR and growing rod implantation. In this study, we aim to analyze weight gain of EOS patients treated with four different spinal implants to evaluate if significant differences in weight percentile change exist between them.
Retrospective review of patients treated surgically for EOS was performed from a multicenter database. Exclusion criteria were index instrumentation at >10 years old and <2 years' follow-up.
287 patients met the inclusion criteria and etiologies were as follows: congenital = 85; syndromic = 79; neuromuscular = 69; and idiopathic = 52. Average patient age at surgery was 5.41 years, with an average follow-up of 5.8 years. Preoperatively, 55.4% (162/287) fell below the 20th weight percentile. There was no significant difference in preoperative weight between implants (p = .77), or diagnoses (p = .25). Among this group, the mean change in weight percentile was 10.5% (range: -16.7% to 88.7%) and all implant groups increased in mean weight percentile at final follow-up. There were no significant differences in weight percentile change between the groups when divided by implant type (p = .17).
Treatment of EOS with growth-friendly constructs resulted in an increase in weight percentile for underweight patients (<20th percentile), with no significant difference between constructs.
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