Self-Templated Formation of P2-type K0.6CoO2 Microspheres for High Reversible Potassium-Ion Batteries.
Layered metal oxides have been widely used as the best cathode materials for commercial lithium-ion batteries and are being intensively explored for sodium-ion batteries. However, their application to potassium-ion batteries (PIBs) is hampered because of the poor cycling stability and low rate capability due to the larger ionic size of K+ than of Li+ or Na+. Herein, a facile self-templated strategy was used to synthesize unique P2-type K0.6CoO2 microspheres that consist of aggregated primary nanoplates as PIB cathodes. The unique K0.6CoO2 microspheres with aggregated structure significantly enhanced the kinetics of the K+ intercalation/deintercation and also minimized the parasitic reactions between the electrolyte and K0.6CoO2. The P2-K0.6CoO2 microspheres demonstrated a high reversible capacity of 82 mAh g-1 at 10 mA g-1, high rate capability of 65 mAh g-1 at 100 mA g-1, and long cycle life (87% capacity retention over 300 cycles). The high reversibility of the P2-K0.6CoO2 full cell paired with a hard carbon anode further demonstrated the feasibility of PIBs. This work not only successfully demonstrates exceptional performance of P2-type K0.6CoO2 cathodes and microspheres K0.6CoO2∥hard carbon full cells, but also provides new insights into the exploration of other layered metal oxides for PIBs.