Differences in portal hemodynamics in cirrhosis and idiopathic portal hypertension.Am J Gastroenterol. 1989 Apr; 84(4):409-12.AJ
A comparative study of portal hemodynamics was made in 79 cirrhotics (24 cirrhotics with a large spleen greater than or equal to 500 cm3 in volume, 55 cirrhotics with a spleen less than 500 cm3 in volume), 22 patients with idiopathic portal hypertension, and 63 healthy adults who served as the control for portal and splenic venous flows. Portal and splenic venous flows were significantly increased in the group order of the cirrhosis without splenomegaly group, the cirrhosis with splenomegaly group, and idiopathic portal hypertension group. Intrahepatic shunt index was significantly greater in the cirrhosis with splenomegaly group than in the cirrhosis without splenomegaly group, and it was negligible in the idiopathic portal hypertension group. Portal vein pressure was significantly elevated in the cirrhosis with splenomegaly group than in the cirrhosis without splenomegaly and idiopathic portal hypertension groups. Postsinusoidal resistances were significantly greater in the two groups of cirrhosis than in the idiopathic portal hypertension group, whereas presinusoidal resistance was significantly greater in the idiopathic portal hypertension group than in the two groups with cirrhosis. It is concluded that these differences are inconsistent with the view that cirrhosis with splenomegaly comes from idiopathic portal hypertension.