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How Do Virus-Mosquito Interactions Lead to Viral Emergence?

Abstract

Arboviruses such as West Nile, Zika, chikungunya, dengue, and yellow fever viruses have become highly significant global pathogens through unexpected, explosive outbreaks. While the rapid progression and frequency of recent arbovirus outbreaks is associated with long-term changes in human behavior (globalization, urbanization, climate change), there are direct mosquito-virus interactions which drive shifts in host range and alter virus transmission. This review summarizes how virus-mosquito interactions are critical for these viruses to become global pathogens at molecular, physiological, evolutionary, and epidemiological scales. Integrated proactive approaches are required in order to effectively manage the emergence of mosquito-borne arboviruses, which appears likely to continue into the indefinite future.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: claudia.rueckert@colostate.edu.

    Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA. Electronic address: gregory.ebel@colostate.edu.

    Source

    Trends in parasitology 34:4 2018 Apr pg 310-321

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29305089