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Dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 improves growth performance, mucus and serum immune parameters, antioxidant enzyme activity as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus.
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018 Mar; 74:501-508.FS

Abstract

The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzymes activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1) and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW) specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks. The FW, SGR, and FCR of fish fed with D1 and D2 significantly improved (p < 0.05). The activities of ALP, LYZ and MPO in the mucus were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in fish that fed D1 and D2. The TP, ROS, RNS, SOD and GPx in the serum were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in fish that fed D1 and D2. In addition, the challenge test showed that fish fed D1 and D2 enhanced significantly (p < 0.05) the resistance against A. hydrophila (1 × 107 cells ml-1). In conclusion, probiotic B. licheniformis Dahb1 can be applied in diet at 107 cfu g-1 to improve healthy status and resistance against A. hydrophila in tilapia farming.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.. Electronic address: vaseeharanb@gmail.com.Department of Aquaculture, College of Life Sciences, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, 20224, Taiwan.Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.Biomaterials and Biotechnology in Animal Health Lab, Department of Animal Health and Management, Science Campus 6(th) Floor, Alagappa University, Karaikudi, 630004, Tamil Nadu, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29305993

Citation

Gobi, Narayanan, et al. "Dietary Supplementation of Probiotic Bacillus Licheniformis Dahb1 Improves Growth Performance, Mucus and Serum Immune Parameters, Antioxidant Enzyme Activity as Well as Resistance Against Aeromonas Hydrophila in Tilapia Oreochromis Mossambicus." Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 74, 2018, pp. 501-508.
Gobi N, Vaseeharan B, Chen JC, et al. Dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 improves growth performance, mucus and serum immune parameters, antioxidant enzyme activity as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018;74:501-508.
Gobi, N., Vaseeharan, B., Chen, J. C., Rekha, R., Vijayakumar, S., Anjugam, M., & Iswarya, A. (2018). Dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 improves growth performance, mucus and serum immune parameters, antioxidant enzyme activity as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 74, 501-508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.12.066
Gobi N, et al. Dietary Supplementation of Probiotic Bacillus Licheniformis Dahb1 Improves Growth Performance, Mucus and Serum Immune Parameters, Antioxidant Enzyme Activity as Well as Resistance Against Aeromonas Hydrophila in Tilapia Oreochromis Mossambicus. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2018;74:501-508. PubMed PMID: 29305993.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 improves growth performance, mucus and serum immune parameters, antioxidant enzyme activity as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. AU - Gobi,Narayanan, AU - Vaseeharan,Baskaralingam, AU - Chen,Jiann-Chu, AU - Rekha,Ravichandran, AU - Vijayakumar,Sekar, AU - Anjugam,Mahalingam, AU - Iswarya,Arokiadhas, Y1 - 2018/01/03/ PY - 2017/10/08/received PY - 2017/12/21/revised PY - 2017/12/31/accepted PY - 2018/1/7/pubmed PY - 2018/8/11/medline PY - 2018/1/7/entrez KW - Aeromonas hydrophila KW - Antioxidant KW - Innate immunity KW - Mucus KW - Probiotics KW - Serum KW - Tilapia SP - 501 EP - 508 JF - Fish & shellfish immunology JO - Fish Shellfish Immunol. VL - 74 N2 - The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzymes activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1) and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW) specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks. The FW, SGR, and FCR of fish fed with D1 and D2 significantly improved (p < 0.05). The activities of ALP, LYZ and MPO in the mucus were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in fish that fed D1 and D2. The TP, ROS, RNS, SOD and GPx in the serum were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in fish that fed D1 and D2. In addition, the challenge test showed that fish fed D1 and D2 enhanced significantly (p < 0.05) the resistance against A. hydrophila (1 × 107 cells ml-1). In conclusion, probiotic B. licheniformis Dahb1 can be applied in diet at 107 cfu g-1 to improve healthy status and resistance against A. hydrophila in tilapia farming. SN - 1095-9947 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29305993/Dietary_supplementation_of_probiotic_Bacillus_licheniformis_Dahb1_improves_growth_performance_mucus_and_serum_immune_parameters_antioxidant_enzyme_activity_as_well_as_resistance_against_Aeromonas_hydrophila_in_tilapia_Oreochromis_mossambicus_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1050-4648(17)30815-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -