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Knowledge, perceptions and media use of the Dutch general public and healthcare workers regarding Ebola, 2014.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The Ebola outbreak in West-Africa triggered risk communication activities to promote adequate preventive behaviour in the Netherlands. Our study investigated the level of knowledge, perceptions, and media use regarding Ebola.

METHODS

In December 2014, an online questionnaire was administered to the Dutch population (n = 526) and Health Care Workers (HCW) (n = 760).

RESULTS

The mean knowledge score (range 0-15) of HCW (m = 13.3;SD = 1.4) was significantly higher than the general public (m = 10.8;SD = 2.0). No significant difference was found in perceived severity and susceptibility. Perceived fear of the general public (m = 2.5; SD = 0.8) was significantly higher than among HCW (m = 2.4; SD = 0.7). Respondents primarily used television to obtain information.

CONCLUSIONS

While Ebola was perceived severe, it did not lead to excessive fear or perceived susceptibility for developing the disease. Nonetheless, our research showed that knowledge with respect to human-to-human transmission is low, while this is crucial to complying with preventive measures. Our study reveals priorities for improving risk communication.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

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    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1 (interne 13), 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

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    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1 (interne 13), 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Aura.timen@rivm.nl.

    ,

    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1 (interne 13), 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

    ,

    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1 (interne 13), 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

    ,

    Department of Statistics, Informatics and Mathematical Modelling, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

    Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), PO Box 1 (interne 13), 3720, BA, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.

    Source

    BMC infectious diseases 18:1 2018 01 08 pg 18

    MeSH

    Adult
    Aged
    Female
    Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
    Health Personnel
    Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola
    Humans
    Internet
    Male
    Mass Media
    Middle Aged
    Netherlands
    Perception
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    29310571