Relationships among Dietary Intakes and Persistent Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Patients Receiving Enzyme Treatment for Genetic Sucrase-Isomaltase Deficiency.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018 03; 118(3):440-447.JA
Sucrose-isomaltase deficiency (SID) remains underdiagnosed. Absent or reduced enzyme activity promotes diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and flatulence from undigested and malabsorbed disaccharides. Frequency and severity of gastrointestinal symptoms may be associated with the type of carbohydrates consumed.
To characterize the dietary intakes of patients treated with sacrosidase (Sucraid; QOL Medical) for SID and determine relationships between type of carbohydrates, sacrosidase dose, and gastrointestinal symptoms.
A prospective 30-day observational study.
Forty-nine patients treated with sacrosidase for ≥3 months were recruited from the enzyme manufacturer's nationwide clinical database between November 2014 and August 2015.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Dietary energy and nutrient intakes reported during 24-hour diet recall interviews, frequency and severity of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, and sacrosidase dose.
STATISTICAL ANALYSES PERFORMED
Relationships between nutrient intakes, sacrosidase dose, and GI symptoms were evaluated using Spearman ρ correlation coefficients.
Sacrosidase dose averaged 5.2±3.1 mL/day. Participants reported 1.3±0.9 bowel movements daily. Having less frequent GI symptoms was associated with higher sacrosidase intake. Energy intakes averaged 1,562.5±411.5 kcal/day in children, 1,964.7±823.6 kcal/day in adolescents, and 1,952.6±546.5 kcal/day in adults. Macronutrient composition averaged 44% carbohydrate, 39% fat, and 17% protein. Average carbohydrate composition was 35% starch, 8% fiber, and 59% sugars. Sucrose and fructose intakes were not associated with GI symptoms. Lactose intake was associated with diarrhea. Maltose intake was associated with nausea, distension, and reflux.
Intakes were lower in carbohydrates and higher in fat compared with the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges. Sucrose and fructose intakes were not associated with GI symptoms. Higher maltose and lactose intakes were associated with GI symptom frequency and severity. These findings provide evidence to guide nutrition counseling for patients treated for SID.