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Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area.
Nutrients. 2018 Jan 06; 10(1)N

Abstract

Although dietary supplement use is believed to improve health status, the efficacy and safety of its use remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of consumption of vitamin and mineral supplements (VMS) to the total micronutrient intake. Study participants (n = 586) were selected from the ongoing prospective cohort study of the Korean population, and baseline information on current use of dietary supplements, types of supplements, frequency of use, dosage, duration, and brand name was collected. Dietary information was assessed using a 146-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Approximately one-fourth of the participants were categorized as VMS users. The proportion of VMS use was significantly higher in women (p = 0.02), older participants (p = 0.002), and those with a higher income level (p = 0.03) than in non-users. All vitamin and mineral intakes of both groups met the recommended nutrient intake levels by food consumption alone, except for riboflavin, calcium, and magnesium. Approximately 0.7-3.4% of the VMS users had nutrient intake levels that exceeded the tolerable upper intake levels for vitamin A, E, C, iron, and iodine. Excessive use of VMS can lead to an increased risk for adverse health effects. The results of this study provide useful baseline data for establishing guidelines for the appropriate consumption and adequate intake levels of VMS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea. minkyeong@ynu.ac.kr.Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea. yj_lee@yu.ac.kr.Department of Food and Nutrition, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea. kypark@ynu.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29316608

Citation

Kim, Minkyeong, et al. "Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use Among Korean Adults: Baseline Data From the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area." Nutrients, vol. 10, no. 1, 2018.
Kim M, Lee Y, Park K. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area. Nutrients. 2018;10(1).
Kim, M., Lee, Y., & Park, K. (2018). Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area. Nutrients, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10010050
Kim M, Lee Y, Park K. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use Among Korean Adults: Baseline Data From the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area. Nutrients. 2018 Jan 6;10(1) PubMed PMID: 29316608.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use among Korean Adults: Baseline Data from the Trace Element Study of Korean Adults in Yeungnam Area. AU - Kim,Minkyeong, AU - Lee,Yujin, AU - Park,Kyong, Y1 - 2018/01/06/ PY - 2017/11/08/received PY - 2017/12/21/revised PY - 2018/01/03/accepted PY - 2018/1/11/entrez PY - 2018/1/11/pubmed PY - 2018/8/7/medline KW - Koreans KW - dietary supplements KW - minerals KW - nutrient intake KW - recommended dietary intake KW - vitamins JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 10 IS - 1 N2 - Although dietary supplement use is believed to improve health status, the efficacy and safety of its use remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of consumption of vitamin and mineral supplements (VMS) to the total micronutrient intake. Study participants (n = 586) were selected from the ongoing prospective cohort study of the Korean population, and baseline information on current use of dietary supplements, types of supplements, frequency of use, dosage, duration, and brand name was collected. Dietary information was assessed using a 146-item semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Approximately one-fourth of the participants were categorized as VMS users. The proportion of VMS use was significantly higher in women (p = 0.02), older participants (p = 0.002), and those with a higher income level (p = 0.03) than in non-users. All vitamin and mineral intakes of both groups met the recommended nutrient intake levels by food consumption alone, except for riboflavin, calcium, and magnesium. Approximately 0.7-3.4% of the VMS users had nutrient intake levels that exceeded the tolerable upper intake levels for vitamin A, E, C, iron, and iodine. Excessive use of VMS can lead to an increased risk for adverse health effects. The results of this study provide useful baseline data for establishing guidelines for the appropriate consumption and adequate intake levels of VMS. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29316608/Vitamin_and_Mineral_Supplement_Use_among_Korean_Adults:_Baseline_Data_from_the_Trace_Element_Study_of_Korean_Adults_in_Yeungnam_Area_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu10010050 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -