Safety and immunogenicity of single-dose live oral cholera vaccine strain CVD 103-HgR in healthy adults age 18-45.Vaccine. 2018 02 01; 36(6):833-840.V
The attenuated recombinant Vibrio cholerae O1 vaccine strain CVD 103-HgR, re-developed as PXVX0200, elicits a rapid serum vibriocidal antibody (SVA) response and protects against cholera diarrhea in volunteer challenge studies. We performed a phase 3, placebo controlled, double blind, multi-center study to further assess the safety, immunogenicity, and lot-to-lot consistency of PXVX0200. Adult volunteers 18-45 years of age were randomized 8:1 to receive a single dose of 1 × 109 CFU of PXVX0200 from three production lots or saline placebo. Immunogenicity endpoints included SVA and anti-cholera toxin (CT) antibody levels on days 1, 11, 29, 91 and 181. Safety was assessed by comparing solicited signs and symptoms on days 1-8, unsolicited adverse events through day 29 and serious adverse events through day 181. A total of 3146 participants were enrolled, including 2795 vaccine and 351 placebo recipients. The SVA seroconversion rates at day 11 were 94% and 4% in the PXVX0200 and placebo recipients, respectively (P < .0001). Cumulative SVA seroconversion occurred among 96% of vaccine recipients. PXVX0200 SVA GMTs peaked on day 11 and remained significantly higher than placebo through day 181 while the fold-rise over baseline in PXVX0200 anti-CT antibody was significantly greater than placebo at every post-vaccination time point. Most reactogenicity was mild and resolved within 1-3 days with headache and diarrhea more frequently reported in PXVX0200 recipients. There were no differences in unsolicited adverse events and no study-related serious adverse events. Immunogenicity and safety endpoints were equivalent between the three production lots. PXVX0200 is immunogenic and well tolerated across multiple production lots.
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