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Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Saudi Arabia: A Review.


Dengue fever is a global disease with a spectrum of clinical manifestation ranging from mild febrile disease to a severe disease in the form of dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. Dengue virus is one viral hemorrhagic fever that exists in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in addition to Alkhurma (Alkhurma) Hemorrhagic Fever, Chikungunya virus, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever, and Rift Valley Fever. The disease is limited to the Western and South-western regions of Saudi Arabia, where Aedes aegypti exists. The majority of the cases in Saudi Arabia had mild disease and is related to serotypes 1-3 but not 4. The prospect for Dengue virus control relies on vector control, health education, and possibly vaccine use. Despite extensive collaborative efforts between multiple governmental sectors, including Ministry of Health, Ministry of Municipalities and Rural Affairs, and Ministry of Water, dengue remains a major public health concern in the regions affected.


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    1 Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare , Dhahran, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 2 Indiana University School of Medicine , Indianapolis, Indiana.

    3 Ministry of Health , Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 4 Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University , Atlanta, Georgia .


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