[Paraneoplasms of the skin].Internist (Berl). 2018 Feb; 59(2):134-144.I
The cutaneous manifestations of malignancies include nonmalignant skin disorders that occur in association with malignancies (facultative paraneoplastic dermatoses) and skin disorders that are always associated with hematologic diseases or solid tumors (obligate paraneoplastic dermatoses). Paraneoplastic increase of growth factors or immunological reactions lead to a variety of inflammatory, hyperkeratotic or proliferative skin reactions. When paraneoplastic dermatoses develop before cancer is diagnosed, recognition of these skin diseases can accelerate both the diagnosis and treatment. The presence of unexplained cutaneous findings should lead to a multidisciplinary evaluation of the patient. This manuscript summarizes the cutaneous manifestations associated with hematologic disorders and solid tumors, their localization and treatment options.