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Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers.
Indian J Pediatr. 2018 08; 85(8):625-631.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To assess the effect of food cooked in iron pots for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia.

METHODS

In this cluster randomized clinical trial, authors evaluated preschoolers aged 4-5 y for 16 wk. Children were cluster randomized to either eating from iron pots (Group A) or aluminum pots (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia prevalence. Two biochemical evaluations were performed, to determine Hb concentrations, before and after intervention. This study was conducted in two public preschools, located in the municipality of Mucambo, Ceará, in the northeast of Brazil.

RESULTS

At baseline, for group A, mean hemoglobin concentration was 12.26 ± 1.02 g/dL and 12.29 ± 0.95 g/dL after intervention, p = 0.78. In group B, mean baseline hemoglobin was 12.34 ± 1.04 g/dL, and 12.13 ± 0.86 g/dL after intervention, p = 0.07. All ten participants, who were anemic at baseline, were no longer anemic after intervention.

CONCLUSIONS

Using iron cooking pots in developing countries could provide an innovative strategy to prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Master's Degree in Family Health, Federal University of Ceará, Av. Comandante Maurocélio Rocha Ponte, 100 - Derby, Sobral, CE, 62.042-280, Brazil. placidoarcanjo@yahoo.com.br.Department of Master's Degree in Family Health, Federal University of Ceará, Av. Comandante Maurocélio Rocha Ponte, 100 - Derby, Sobral, CE, 62.042-280, Brazil.Department of Master's Degree in Family Health, Federal University of Ceará, Av. Comandante Maurocélio Rocha Ponte, 100 - Derby, Sobral, CE, 62.042-280, Brazil.University of Fortaleza, Fortaleza, Brazil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29322365

Citation

Arcanjo, Francisco Plácido Nogueira, et al. "Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers." Indian Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 85, no. 8, 2018, pp. 625-631.
Arcanjo FPN, Macêdo DRR, Santos PR, et al. Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers. Indian J Pediatr. 2018;85(8):625-631.
Arcanjo, F. P. N., Macêdo, D. R. R., Santos, P. R., & Arcanjo, C. P. C. (2018). Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers. Indian Journal of Pediatrics, 85(8), 625-631. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12098-017-2604-x
Arcanjo FPN, et al. Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers. Indian J Pediatr. 2018;85(8):625-631. PubMed PMID: 29322365.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Iron Pots for the Prevention and Treatment of Anemia in Preschoolers. AU - Arcanjo,Francisco Plácido Nogueira, AU - Macêdo,Débora Rodrigues Ribeiro, AU - Santos,Paulo Roberto, AU - Arcanjo,Caio Plácido Costa, Y1 - 2018/01/11/ PY - 2017/04/01/received PY - 2017/12/22/accepted PY - 2018/1/13/pubmed PY - 2018/11/13/medline PY - 2018/1/12/entrez KW - Anemia KW - Brazil KW - Child nutrition KW - Iron deficiency SP - 625 EP - 631 JF - Indian journal of pediatrics JO - Indian J Pediatr VL - 85 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of food cooked in iron pots for the prevention and treatment of iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: In this cluster randomized clinical trial, authors evaluated preschoolers aged 4-5 y for 16 wk. Children were cluster randomized to either eating from iron pots (Group A) or aluminum pots (Group B). Primary outcome variables were change in hemoglobin concentration and anemia prevalence. Two biochemical evaluations were performed, to determine Hb concentrations, before and after intervention. This study was conducted in two public preschools, located in the municipality of Mucambo, Ceará, in the northeast of Brazil. RESULTS: At baseline, for group A, mean hemoglobin concentration was 12.26 ± 1.02 g/dL and 12.29 ± 0.95 g/dL after intervention, p = 0.78. In group B, mean baseline hemoglobin was 12.34 ± 1.04 g/dL, and 12.13 ± 0.86 g/dL after intervention, p = 0.07. All ten participants, who were anemic at baseline, were no longer anemic after intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Using iron cooking pots in developing countries could provide an innovative strategy to prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia. SN - 0973-7693 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29322365/Iron_Pots_for_the_Prevention_and_Treatment_of_Anemia_in_Preschoolers_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12098-017-2604-x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -