Downregulation of miR-503 contributes to the development of drug resistance in ovarian cancer by targeting PI3K p85.Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2018 03; 297(3):699-707.AG
Cisplatin is an important chemotherapeutic agent frequently used in the treatment of ovarian cancer. However, resistance to cisplatin is an obstacle to the treatment of ovarian cancer. Recently, many studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the drug resistance of ovarian cancer cells. In this study, we explored the role of miR-503 in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
To investigate the relationship between miR-503 expression and the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin, the cells were transfected with miR-503 mimics/inhibitors. The relative expression of miR-503 RNA and its targeted gene PI3K mRNA were detected by real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Western blot was used to measure relevant protein levels. Flow cytometry and CCK-8 assay were used to analyze cell proliferation and apoptosis.
MiR-503 expression was significantly downregulated in cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell line SKOV3/DDP compared with parental SKOV3. Over-expression and knock-down of miR-503 partially regulated apoptotic activity and changed the cisplatin resistance of ovarian cancer cells. In exploring the underlying mechanisms of miR-503 in ovarian cancer cells' resistance to cisplatin, we found that miR-503 can directly target PI3K p85 and participates in the regulation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. In vivo, miR-503 agomirs combined with cisplatin treatment significantly reduced the growth of tumors compared with cisplatin alone.
Our data suggest that miR-503 might be a sensitizer to cisplatin treatment in ovarian cancer by targeting PI3K p85, thus giving a new insight into developing therapeutic strategies to overcome cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer.