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Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students.
BMC Womens Health. 2018 01 15; 18(1):18.BW

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few studies on gynaecological problems of young females in Arab countries were published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain among university students in Palestine.

METHODS

A cross - sectional study was carried out on a randomly selected sample of An-Najah National University female students. A pre-designed questionnaire, which included questions regarding menstrual cycle, pain during menstruation, life style, nutritional habits, and symptoms associated with menstrual pain, was used. Pain intensity was measured using visual analogue scale.

RESULTS

A total of 956 female students were involved in the study. Of the total study sample, 846 (85.1%) reported having pain during menstruation; i.e. dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea was significantly [(p = 0.027); OR = 1.5, 95% CI (1.05-2.19)] associated with age at menarche. The mean score of pain among dysmenorrhic females was 6.79 ± 2.64. The majority (654; 80.34%) of dysmenorrhic females reported having moderate/ severe pain. Univariate analysis using Chi-square test for factors associated with moderate/severe pain among dysmenorrhic females were irregular cycle [(p = 0.015); OR = 1.57, 95% CI = (1.09-2.30)], skipping breakfast [(p < 0.001); OR = 1.93, 95% CI = (1.33-2.79)], academic specialization [(p = 0.03; OR = 2.2, 95% CI = (1.21-3.98)] for medical specialization with reference to students in humanities), high stress level [(p = 0.036; OR = 1.53, 95% CI = (1.03-2.28)], and living in dormitories [(p = 0.034); OR = 1.72, 95% CI = (1.04-2.86)]. Multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression enter method showed that medical specialization [(p = 0.045); OR = 1.92, 95% CI = (1.02-3.64)] for medical students with reference to students in humanities), skipping breakfast [(p = 0.001); OR = 1.96, 95% CI = (1.35-2.86)], and irregular cycle [(p = 0.022); OR = 1.56, 95% CI = (1.07-2.29)] were the only significant predictors of moderate/severe dysmenorrhic pain.

CONCLUSION

There is a high proportion of dysmenorrhea among Palestinian female university students. Skipping breakfast was the strongest predictor for moderate/severe dysmenorrhea. Increased awareness regarding factors that might influence the intensity of dysmenorrhic pain is needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.Department of Community and Family Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine.Department of Physiology, Pharmacology, and Toxicology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, 44839, Palestine. waleedsweileh@yahoo.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29334974

Citation

Abu Helwa, Heba A., et al. "Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea and Predictors of Its Pain Intensity Among Palestinian Female University Students." BMC Women's Health, vol. 18, no. 1, 2018, p. 18.
Abu Helwa HA, Mitaeb AA, Al-Hamshri S, et al. Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students. BMC Womens Health. 2018;18(1):18.
Abu Helwa, H. A., Mitaeb, A. A., Al-Hamshri, S., & Sweileh, W. M. (2018). Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students. BMC Women's Health, 18(1), 18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-018-0516-1
Abu Helwa HA, et al. Prevalence of Dysmenorrhea and Predictors of Its Pain Intensity Among Palestinian Female University Students. BMC Womens Health. 2018 01 15;18(1):18. PubMed PMID: 29334974.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain intensity among Palestinian female university students. AU - Abu Helwa,Heba A, AU - Mitaeb,Areen A, AU - Al-Hamshri,Suha, AU - Sweileh,Waleed M, Y1 - 2018/01/15/ PY - 2017/03/01/received PY - 2018/01/11/accepted PY - 2018/1/17/entrez PY - 2018/1/18/pubmed PY - 2019/1/30/medline KW - Dysmenorrhea KW - Palestine KW - University students SP - 18 EP - 18 JF - BMC women's health JO - BMC Womens Health VL - 18 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few studies on gynaecological problems of young females in Arab countries were published. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and predictors of its pain among university students in Palestine. METHODS: A cross - sectional study was carried out on a randomly selected sample of An-Najah National University female students. A pre-designed questionnaire, which included questions regarding menstrual cycle, pain during menstruation, life style, nutritional habits, and symptoms associated with menstrual pain, was used. Pain intensity was measured using visual analogue scale. RESULTS: A total of 956 female students were involved in the study. Of the total study sample, 846 (85.1%) reported having pain during menstruation; i.e. dysmenorrhea. Dysmenorrhea was significantly [(p = 0.027); OR = 1.5, 95% CI (1.05-2.19)] associated with age at menarche. The mean score of pain among dysmenorrhic females was 6.79 ± 2.64. The majority (654; 80.34%) of dysmenorrhic females reported having moderate/ severe pain. Univariate analysis using Chi-square test for factors associated with moderate/severe pain among dysmenorrhic females were irregular cycle [(p = 0.015); OR = 1.57, 95% CI = (1.09-2.30)], skipping breakfast [(p < 0.001); OR = 1.93, 95% CI = (1.33-2.79)], academic specialization [(p = 0.03; OR = 2.2, 95% CI = (1.21-3.98)] for medical specialization with reference to students in humanities), high stress level [(p = 0.036; OR = 1.53, 95% CI = (1.03-2.28)], and living in dormitories [(p = 0.034); OR = 1.72, 95% CI = (1.04-2.86)]. Multivariate analysis using binary logistic regression enter method showed that medical specialization [(p = 0.045); OR = 1.92, 95% CI = (1.02-3.64)] for medical students with reference to students in humanities), skipping breakfast [(p = 0.001); OR = 1.96, 95% CI = (1.35-2.86)], and irregular cycle [(p = 0.022); OR = 1.56, 95% CI = (1.07-2.29)] were the only significant predictors of moderate/severe dysmenorrhic pain. CONCLUSION: There is a high proportion of dysmenorrhea among Palestinian female university students. Skipping breakfast was the strongest predictor for moderate/severe dysmenorrhea. Increased awareness regarding factors that might influence the intensity of dysmenorrhic pain is needed. SN - 1472-6874 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29334974/Prevalence_of_dysmenorrhea_and_predictors_of_its_pain_intensity_among_Palestinian_female_university_students_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -