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Serosurvey of Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in rats captured from two zoos in Southern Brazil.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2017 Nov-Dec; 50(6):857-860.RS

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) are zoonotic reservoirs for Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii, and influence diseases in urban areas.

METHODS

Free-ranging and laboratory-raised rats from two zoos in southern Brazil were tested for Leptospira spp. and T. gondii using microscopic agglutination and modified agglutination tests, respectively.

RESULTS

Overall, 25.6% and 4.6% free-ranging rats tested positive for Leptospira spp. and T. gondii, respectively, with co-seropositivity occurring in two animals. For laboratory-raised rats, 20% tested positive for Leptospira spp. Also, Leptospira biflexa serovar Patoc and Leptospira noguchii serovar Panama were found.

CONCLUSIONS

Serosurveys can show the environmental prevalence of zoonotic pathogens.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Celular, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29340468

Citation

Pellizzaro, Maysa, et al. "Serosurvey of Leptospira Spp. and Toxoplasma Gondii in Rats Captured From Two Zoos in Southern Brazil." Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical, vol. 50, no. 6, 2017, pp. 857-860.
Pellizzaro M, Conrado FO, Martins CM, et al. Serosurvey of Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in rats captured from two zoos in Southern Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2017;50(6):857-860.
Pellizzaro, M., Conrado, F. O., Martins, C. M., Joaquim, S. F., Ferreira, F., Langoni, H., & Biondo, A. W. (2017). Serosurvey of Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in rats captured from two zoos in Southern Brazil. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical, 50(6), 857-860. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0138-2017
Pellizzaro M, et al. Serosurvey of Leptospira Spp. and Toxoplasma Gondii in Rats Captured From Two Zoos in Southern Brazil. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop. 2017 Nov-Dec;50(6):857-860. PubMed PMID: 29340468.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Serosurvey of Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii in rats captured from two zoos in Southern Brazil. AU - Pellizzaro,Maysa, AU - Conrado,Francisco de Oliveira, AU - Martins,Camila Marinelli, AU - Joaquim,Sâmea Fernandes, AU - Ferreira,Fernando, AU - Langoni,Helio, AU - Biondo,Alexander Welker, PY - 2017/04/05/received PY - 2017/08/24/accepted PY - 2018/1/18/entrez PY - 2018/1/18/pubmed PY - 2018/4/18/medline SP - 857 EP - 860 JF - Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical JO - Rev Soc Bras Med Trop VL - 50 IS - 6 N2 - INTRODUCTION: Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) are zoonotic reservoirs for Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii, and influence diseases in urban areas. METHODS: Free-ranging and laboratory-raised rats from two zoos in southern Brazil were tested for Leptospira spp. and T. gondii using microscopic agglutination and modified agglutination tests, respectively. RESULTS: Overall, 25.6% and 4.6% free-ranging rats tested positive for Leptospira spp. and T. gondii, respectively, with co-seropositivity occurring in two animals. For laboratory-raised rats, 20% tested positive for Leptospira spp. Also, Leptospira biflexa serovar Patoc and Leptospira noguchii serovar Panama were found. CONCLUSIONS: Serosurveys can show the environmental prevalence of zoonotic pathogens. SN - 1678-9849 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29340468/Serosurvey_of_Leptospira_spp__and_Toxoplasma_gondii_in_rats_captured_from_two_zoos_in_Southern_Brazil_ L2 - https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0037-86822017000600857&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -