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Incorporation of iloprost in phospholipase-resistant phospholipid scaffold enhances its barrier protective effects on pulmonary endothelium.
Sci Rep. 2018 01 17; 8(1):879.SR

Abstract

Correction of barrier dysfunction and inflammation in acute lung injury (ALI) represents an important problem. Previous studies demonstrate barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects of bioactive lipid prostacyclin and its stable analog iloprost (ILO). We generated a phospholipase resistant synthetic phospholipid with iloprost attached at the sn-2 position (ILO-PC) and investigated its biological effects. In comparison to free ILO, ILO-PC caused sustained endothelial cell (EC) barrier enhancement, linked to more prolonged activation of Rap1 and Rac1 GTPases and their cytoskeletal and cell junction effectors: cortactin, PAK1, p120-catenin and VE-cadherin. ILO and ILO-PC equally efficiently suppressed acute, Rho GTPase-dependent EC hyper-permeability caused by thrombin. However, ILO-PC exhibited more sustained barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects in the model of chronic EC dysfunction caused by bacterial wall lipopolysacharide (LPS). ILO-PC was also more potent inhibitor of NFκB signaling and lung vascular leak in the murine model of LPS-induced ALI. Treatment with ILO-PC showed more efficient ALI recovery over 3 days after LPS challenge than free ILO. In conclusion, this study describes a novel synthetic phospholipid with barrier-enhancing and anti-inflammatory properties superior to existing prostacyclin analogs, which may be used as a prototype for future development of more efficient treatment for ALI and other vascular leak syndromes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637, USA. Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Graz, 8010, Graz, Austria.Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637, USA.Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637, USA.Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637, USA.Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, 60637, USA.Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Graz, 8010, Graz, Austria.National Jewish Health, Denver, CO, 80206, USA.Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.Department of Anesthesiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. kbirukov@som.umaryland.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29343759

Citation

Oskolkova, Olga, et al. "Incorporation of Iloprost in Phospholipase-resistant Phospholipid Scaffold Enhances Its Barrier Protective Effects On Pulmonary Endothelium." Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 2018, p. 879.
Oskolkova O, Sarich N, Tian Y, et al. Incorporation of iloprost in phospholipase-resistant phospholipid scaffold enhances its barrier protective effects on pulmonary endothelium. Sci Rep. 2018;8(1):879.
Oskolkova, O., Sarich, N., Tian, Y., Gawlak, G., Meng, F., Bochkov, V. N., Berdyshev, E., Birukova, A. A., & Birukov, K. G. (2018). Incorporation of iloprost in phospholipase-resistant phospholipid scaffold enhances its barrier protective effects on pulmonary endothelium. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 879. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19197-1
Oskolkova O, et al. Incorporation of Iloprost in Phospholipase-resistant Phospholipid Scaffold Enhances Its Barrier Protective Effects On Pulmonary Endothelium. Sci Rep. 2018 01 17;8(1):879. PubMed PMID: 29343759.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Incorporation of iloprost in phospholipase-resistant phospholipid scaffold enhances its barrier protective effects on pulmonary endothelium. AU - Oskolkova,Olga, AU - Sarich,Nicolene, AU - Tian,Yufeng, AU - Gawlak,Grzegorz, AU - Meng,Fanyong, AU - Bochkov,Valery N, AU - Berdyshev,Evgeny, AU - Birukova,Anna A, AU - Birukov,Konstantin G, Y1 - 2018/01/17/ PY - 2016/11/30/received PY - 2017/12/27/accepted PY - 2018/1/19/entrez PY - 2018/1/19/pubmed PY - 2018/11/28/medline SP - 879 EP - 879 JF - Scientific reports JO - Sci Rep VL - 8 IS - 1 N2 - Correction of barrier dysfunction and inflammation in acute lung injury (ALI) represents an important problem. Previous studies demonstrate barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects of bioactive lipid prostacyclin and its stable analog iloprost (ILO). We generated a phospholipase resistant synthetic phospholipid with iloprost attached at the sn-2 position (ILO-PC) and investigated its biological effects. In comparison to free ILO, ILO-PC caused sustained endothelial cell (EC) barrier enhancement, linked to more prolonged activation of Rap1 and Rac1 GTPases and their cytoskeletal and cell junction effectors: cortactin, PAK1, p120-catenin and VE-cadherin. ILO and ILO-PC equally efficiently suppressed acute, Rho GTPase-dependent EC hyper-permeability caused by thrombin. However, ILO-PC exhibited more sustained barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects in the model of chronic EC dysfunction caused by bacterial wall lipopolysacharide (LPS). ILO-PC was also more potent inhibitor of NFκB signaling and lung vascular leak in the murine model of LPS-induced ALI. Treatment with ILO-PC showed more efficient ALI recovery over 3 days after LPS challenge than free ILO. In conclusion, this study describes a novel synthetic phospholipid with barrier-enhancing and anti-inflammatory properties superior to existing prostacyclin analogs, which may be used as a prototype for future development of more efficient treatment for ALI and other vascular leak syndromes. SN - 2045-2322 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29343759/Incorporation_of_iloprost_in_phospholipase_resistant_phospholipid_scaffold_enhances_its_barrier_protective_effects_on_pulmonary_endothelium_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-19197-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -