Incorporation of iloprost in phospholipase-resistant phospholipid scaffold enhances its barrier protective effects on pulmonary endothelium.Sci Rep. 2018 01 17; 8(1):879.SR
Correction of barrier dysfunction and inflammation in acute lung injury (ALI) represents an important problem. Previous studies demonstrate barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects of bioactive lipid prostacyclin and its stable analog iloprost (ILO). We generated a phospholipase resistant synthetic phospholipid with iloprost attached at the sn-2 position (ILO-PC) and investigated its biological effects. In comparison to free ILO, ILO-PC caused sustained endothelial cell (EC) barrier enhancement, linked to more prolonged activation of Rap1 and Rac1 GTPases and their cytoskeletal and cell junction effectors: cortactin, PAK1, p120-catenin and VE-cadherin. ILO and ILO-PC equally efficiently suppressed acute, Rho GTPase-dependent EC hyper-permeability caused by thrombin. However, ILO-PC exhibited more sustained barrier-protective and anti-inflammatory effects in the model of chronic EC dysfunction caused by bacterial wall lipopolysacharide (LPS). ILO-PC was also more potent inhibitor of NFκB signaling and lung vascular leak in the murine model of LPS-induced ALI. Treatment with ILO-PC showed more efficient ALI recovery over 3 days after LPS challenge than free ILO. In conclusion, this study describes a novel synthetic phospholipid with barrier-enhancing and anti-inflammatory properties superior to existing prostacyclin analogs, which may be used as a prototype for future development of more efficient treatment for ALI and other vascular leak syndromes.