Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection.Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2018; 77(3):564-569.FM
The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model.
The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the BTX injection are described in real time.
We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection.