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Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection.
Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2018; 77(3):564-569.FM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model.

RESULTS

The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the BTX injection are described in real time.

CONCLUSIONS

We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection.

Authors+Show Affiliations

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University College of Dentistry, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. bck@wku.ac.kr.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29345721

Citation

Shin, D S., et al. "Sectioned Images and Surface Models of a Cadaver Head With Reference to Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection." Folia Morphologica, vol. 77, no. 3, 2018, pp. 564-569.
Shin DS, Shim YJ, Kim BC. Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2018;77(3):564-569.
Shin, D. S., Shim, Y. J., & Kim, B. C. (2018). Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection. Folia Morphologica, 77(3), 564-569. https://doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2018.0005
Shin DS, Shim YJ, Kim BC. Sectioned Images and Surface Models of a Cadaver Head With Reference to Botulinum Neurotoxin Injection. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2018;77(3):564-569. PubMed PMID: 29345721.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection. AU - Shin,D S, AU - Shim,Y J, AU - Kim,B C, Y1 - 2018/01/18/ PY - 2017/11/21/received PY - 2018/01/02/accepted PY - 2018/1/19/pubmed PY - 2019/8/28/medline PY - 2018/1/19/entrez KW - botulinum toxins KW - cross-sectional anatomy KW - three-dimensional imaging SP - 564 EP - 569 JF - Folia morphologica JO - Folia Morphol (Warsz) VL - 77 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model. RESULTS: The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the BTX injection are described in real time. CONCLUSIONS: We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection. SN - 0015-5659 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29345721/Sectioned_images_and_surface_models_of_a_cadaver_head_with_reference_to_botulinum_neurotoxin_injection_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/botox.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -