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Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children under the age of 5 years attending the Debre Birhan referral hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia.
BMC Res Notes. 2018 Jan 22; 11(1):58.BR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the major childhood health problems in developing countries. In Ethiopia, epidemiological data for several localities is limited. Hence, the aim of this study is to assess intestinal parasitic infections among under-five children attending in Debre Birhan referral hospital, which could help to decrease morbidity and mortality in children. A cross-sectional study was conducted in February, 2014. Stool specimens were collected and examined using concentration method.

RESULTS

Out of the 247 under-five children participated, 17.4% (95% CI 12.7-22.1%) of the children were infected with at least one or more protozoa parasites (14.2% [95% CI 9.9-18.5%]) and helminthes (3.2% [95% CI 1.0-5.4%]). Giardia lamblia (8.5%), Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (5.7%), Trichuris trichiura (1.6%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (1.2%) were the most identified parasites. Parasitic infection was higher in children who had source of drinking water from the river (36.8%), among children from mothers with poor hand washing practice (31.7%), and among children born from illiterate mothers (27.5%). This revealed that intestinal parasites affect the health of under-five children in the setting. Hence, improving environmental hygiene and inadequate water sanitation, and health education for behavioral changes to personal hygiene would be crucial for effective control of the parasite infections.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Parasitology Reference Laboratory, Amhara Public Health Institute, P.O. Box 641, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Tilaneshz62017@gmail.com.Parasitology Reference Laboratory, Amhara Public Health Institute, P.O. Box 641, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29357917

Citation

Zemene, Telanesh, and Melashu Balew Shiferaw. "Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Children Under the Age of 5 Years Attending the Debre Birhan Referral Hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia." BMC Research Notes, vol. 11, no. 1, 2018, p. 58.
Zemene T, Shiferaw MB. Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children under the age of 5 years attending the Debre Birhan referral hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2018;11(1):58.
Zemene, T., & Shiferaw, M. B. (2018). Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children under the age of 5 years attending the Debre Birhan referral hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia. BMC Research Notes, 11(1), 58. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3166-3
Zemene T, Shiferaw MB. Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Children Under the Age of 5 Years Attending the Debre Birhan Referral Hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2018 Jan 22;11(1):58. PubMed PMID: 29357917.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections in children under the age of 5 years attending the Debre Birhan referral hospital, North Shoa, Ethiopia. AU - Zemene,Telanesh, AU - Shiferaw,Melashu Balew, Y1 - 2018/01/22/ PY - 2017/11/02/received PY - 2018/01/12/accepted PY - 2018/1/24/entrez PY - 2018/1/24/pubmed PY - 2018/8/14/medline KW - Debre Birhan KW - Helminth KW - Parasite KW - Protozoa KW - Under-five children SP - 58 EP - 58 JF - BMC research notes JO - BMC Res Notes VL - 11 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Intestinal parasitic infection is one of the major childhood health problems in developing countries. In Ethiopia, epidemiological data for several localities is limited. Hence, the aim of this study is to assess intestinal parasitic infections among under-five children attending in Debre Birhan referral hospital, which could help to decrease morbidity and mortality in children. A cross-sectional study was conducted in February, 2014. Stool specimens were collected and examined using concentration method. RESULTS: Out of the 247 under-five children participated, 17.4% (95% CI 12.7-22.1%) of the children were infected with at least one or more protozoa parasites (14.2% [95% CI 9.9-18.5%]) and helminthes (3.2% [95% CI 1.0-5.4%]). Giardia lamblia (8.5%), Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (5.7%), Trichuris trichiura (1.6%) and Ascaris lumbricoides (1.2%) were the most identified parasites. Parasitic infection was higher in children who had source of drinking water from the river (36.8%), among children from mothers with poor hand washing practice (31.7%), and among children born from illiterate mothers (27.5%). This revealed that intestinal parasites affect the health of under-five children in the setting. Hence, improving environmental hygiene and inadequate water sanitation, and health education for behavioral changes to personal hygiene would be crucial for effective control of the parasite infections. SN - 1756-0500 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29357917/Prevalence_of_intestinal_parasitic_infections_in_children_under_the_age_of_5_years_attending_the_Debre_Birhan_referral_hospital_North_Shoa_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-018-3166-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -