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Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: A 2017 Update.
Breastfeed Med. 2018 03; 13(2):149-154.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Malnutrition is a common phenomenon worldwide and a major public health problem, particularly in developing poorer countries like Ethiopia. Although malnutrition can affect any age group, children are at a higher risk and it is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to update and assess the nutritional status of children of the Beta Israel community in the Gondar area of Ethiopia.

METHODS

This was a community-based cross-sectional anthropometrical study of all the children of the community age 0-60 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data, nutritional history, and clinical parameters. Nutritional indices weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used to define the nutritional status of the children. The 2006 World Health Organization (WHO) growth curves served as reference parameters. Statistical analysis included binary logistical regression analysis.

RESULTS

A total of 489 children, representing over 90% of the community's children were studied with the mean age and standard deviation of 36.5 and 18 months, respectively. The overall prevalence of malnutrition was found to be 39.1% with wasting, underweight, and stunting occurring in 22.1%, 26.2%, and 18.4% of the children, respectively. Severe wasting, severe underweight, and severe stunting occurred in 8.4%, 8.2% and 5.3% of the children, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age was significantly associated with the occurrence of malnutrition with younger children being at a higher risk (p = 0.044). Gender of child, family income, maternal education, presence of illness in the month preceding data collection, and household size did not show any association with malnutrition prevalence.

CONCLUSION

The prevalence of malnutrition as measured by stunting, underweight, and wasting has remained high among children younger than 5 years of the Beta Israel community in Gondar. Moreover, younger children were found to be more malnourished than older children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar , Gondar, Ethiopia .2 Department of Pediatrics, Shaare Zedek Medical Center , Jerusalem, Israel . 3 Department of Pediatrics, Hebrew University School of Medicine , Jerusalem, Israel .

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29359956

Citation

Asres Alemie, Getahun, and Arthur I. Eidelman. "Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: a 2017 Update." Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, vol. 13, no. 2, 2018, pp. 149-154.
Asres Alemie G, Eidelman AI. Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: A 2017 Update. Breastfeed Med. 2018;13(2):149-154.
Asres Alemie, G., & Eidelman, A. I. (2018). Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: A 2017 Update. Breastfeeding Medicine : the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine, 13(2), 149-154. https://doi.org/10.1089/bfm.2017.0232
Asres Alemie G, Eidelman AI. Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: a 2017 Update. Breastfeed Med. 2018;13(2):149-154. PubMed PMID: 29359956.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional Assessment of the Children of the Beta Israel Community in Ethiopia: A 2017 Update. AU - Asres Alemie,Getahun, AU - Eidelman,Arthur I, Y1 - 2018/01/23/ PY - 2018/1/24/pubmed PY - 2019/3/12/medline PY - 2018/1/24/entrez KW - Beta Israel community KW - Ethiopia KW - malnutrition SP - 149 EP - 154 JF - Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine JO - Breastfeed Med VL - 13 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a common phenomenon worldwide and a major public health problem, particularly in developing poorer countries like Ethiopia. Although malnutrition can affect any age group, children are at a higher risk and it is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to update and assess the nutritional status of children of the Beta Israel community in the Gondar area of Ethiopia. METHODS: This was a community-based cross-sectional anthropometrical study of all the children of the community age 0-60 months. A structured questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic data, nutritional history, and clinical parameters. Nutritional indices weight for age, height for age, and weight for height were used to define the nutritional status of the children. The 2006 World Health Organization (WHO) growth curves served as reference parameters. Statistical analysis included binary logistical regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 489 children, representing over 90% of the community's children were studied with the mean age and standard deviation of 36.5 and 18 months, respectively. The overall prevalence of malnutrition was found to be 39.1% with wasting, underweight, and stunting occurring in 22.1%, 26.2%, and 18.4% of the children, respectively. Severe wasting, severe underweight, and severe stunting occurred in 8.4%, 8.2% and 5.3% of the children, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age was significantly associated with the occurrence of malnutrition with younger children being at a higher risk (p = 0.044). Gender of child, family income, maternal education, presence of illness in the month preceding data collection, and household size did not show any association with malnutrition prevalence. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of malnutrition as measured by stunting, underweight, and wasting has remained high among children younger than 5 years of the Beta Israel community in Gondar. Moreover, younger children were found to be more malnourished than older children. SN - 1556-8342 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29359956/Nutritional_Assessment_of_the_Children_of_the_Beta_Israel_Community_in_Ethiopia:_A_2017_Update_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/bfm.2017.0232?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -