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Moral emotions associated with prosocial and antisocial behavior in school-aged children.
Psicothema. 2018 Feb; 30(1):82-88.P

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The present study aims to explore the main effects and interactive effects of empathy, guilt, shame, pride (authentic and hubristic), and moral pride, on prosocial and antisocial behavior in children.

METHOD

The sample group comprised 351 children aged between 10 and 14 selected from four schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Hierarchical multiple regression models were used in the statistical analyses.

RESULTS

Prosocial behavior was found to be predicted by the additive interaction between empathy and moral pride, by guilt and, to a lesser extent and negatively, by shame. In relation to antisocial behavior, children with a strong disposition to guilt scored lower for antisocial behavior, regardless of their empathy levels. Nevertheless, the combination of low empathy and low guilt levels was associated with highest antisocial behavior scores. As regards shame, this emotion was moderately associated with antisocial behavior.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29363475

Citation

Ortiz Barón, María J., et al. "Moral Emotions Associated With Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in School-aged Children." Psicothema, vol. 30, no. 1, 2018, pp. 82-88.
Ortiz Barón MJ, Etxebarria Bilbao I, Apodaca Urquijo P, et al. Moral emotions associated with prosocial and antisocial behavior in school-aged children. Psicothema. 2018;30(1):82-88.
Ortiz Barón, M. J., Etxebarria Bilbao, I., Apodaca Urquijo, P., Conejero López, S., & Pascual Jimeno, A. (2018). Moral emotions associated with prosocial and antisocial behavior in school-aged children. Psicothema, 30(1), 82-88. https://doi.org/10.7334/psicothema2016.143
Ortiz Barón MJ, et al. Moral Emotions Associated With Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in School-aged Children. Psicothema. 2018;30(1):82-88. PubMed PMID: 29363475.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Moral emotions associated with prosocial and antisocial behavior in school-aged children. AU - Ortiz Barón,María J, AU - Etxebarria Bilbao,Itziar, AU - Apodaca Urquijo,Pedro, AU - Conejero López,Susana, AU - Pascual Jimeno,Aitziber, PY - 2018/1/25/entrez PY - 2018/1/25/pubmed PY - 2018/9/1/medline SP - 82 EP - 88 JF - Psicothema JO - Psicothema VL - 30 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: The present study aims to explore the main effects and interactive effects of empathy, guilt, shame, pride (authentic and hubristic), and moral pride, on prosocial and antisocial behavior in children. METHOD: The sample group comprised 351 children aged between 10 and 14 selected from four schools in the Basque Country (Spain). Hierarchical multiple regression models were used in the statistical analyses. RESULTS: Prosocial behavior was found to be predicted by the additive interaction between empathy and moral pride, by guilt and, to a lesser extent and negatively, by shame. In relation to antisocial behavior, children with a strong disposition to guilt scored lower for antisocial behavior, regardless of their empathy levels. Nevertheless, the combination of low empathy and low guilt levels was associated with highest antisocial behavior scores. As regards shame, this emotion was moderately associated with antisocial behavior. SN - 1886-144X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29363475/Moral_emotions_associated_with_prosocial_and_antisocial_behavior_in_school_aged_children_ L2 - http://www.psicothema.com/pmidlookup.asp?pmid=29363475 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -