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Evaluation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation and pollutants removal from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW).
Water Sci Technol. 2018 Jan; 77(1-2):387-397.WS

Abstract

Bioelectricity generation from biodegradable compounds using microbial fuel cells (MFCs) offers an opportunity for simultaneous wastewater treatment. This study evaluated the synergy of electricity generation by the MFC while reducing pollutants from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW). A simple dual-chamber MFC was constructed with inexpensive materials without using catalysts. Raw SBPW was diluted to several concentrations (chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 505 to 5,750 mg L-1) and fed as batch-mode into the MFC without further modification. A power density of 14.9 mW m-2 as power output was observed at a COD concentration of 2,565 mg L-1. Coulombic efficiency varied from 6.21% to 0.73%, indicating diffusion of oxygen through the cation exchange membrane and other methanogenesis and fermentation processes occurring in the anode chamber. In this study, >97% of the COD and up to 100% of the total suspended solids removals were observed from MFC-treated SBPW. Scanning electron microscopy of anode indicated that a diverse community of microbial consortia was active for electricity generation and wastewater treatment. This study demonstrated that SBPW can be used as a substrate in the MFC to generate electricity as well as to treat for pollutant removal.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA E-mail: s.rahman@ndsu.edu; Department of Irrigation and Water Management, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA E-mail: s.rahman@ndsu.edu.Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA E-mail: s.rahman@ndsu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29377823

Citation

Rahman, Atikur, et al. "Evaluation of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) for Bioelectricity Generation and Pollutants Removal From Sugar Beet Processing Wastewater (SBPW)." Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, vol. 77, no. 1-2, 2018, pp. 387-397.
Rahman A, Borhan MS, Rahman S. Evaluation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation and pollutants removal from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW). Water Sci Technol. 2018;77(1-2):387-397.
Rahman, A., Borhan, M. S., & Rahman, S. (2018). Evaluation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation and pollutants removal from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW). Water Science and Technology : a Journal of the International Association On Water Pollution Research, 77(1-2), 387-397. https://doi.org/10.2166/wst.2017.549
Rahman A, Borhan MS, Rahman S. Evaluation of Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) for Bioelectricity Generation and Pollutants Removal From Sugar Beet Processing Wastewater (SBPW). Water Sci Technol. 2018;77(1-2):387-397. PubMed PMID: 29377823.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of microbial fuel cell (MFC) for bioelectricity generation and pollutants removal from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW). AU - Rahman,Atikur, AU - Borhan,Md Saidul, AU - Rahman,Shafiqur, PY - 2018/1/30/entrez PY - 2018/1/30/pubmed PY - 2018/4/27/medline SP - 387 EP - 397 JF - Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research JO - Water Sci. Technol. VL - 77 IS - 1-2 N2 - Bioelectricity generation from biodegradable compounds using microbial fuel cells (MFCs) offers an opportunity for simultaneous wastewater treatment. This study evaluated the synergy of electricity generation by the MFC while reducing pollutants from sugar beet processing wastewater (SBPW). A simple dual-chamber MFC was constructed with inexpensive materials without using catalysts. Raw SBPW was diluted to several concentrations (chemical oxygen demand (COD) of 505 to 5,750 mg L-1) and fed as batch-mode into the MFC without further modification. A power density of 14.9 mW m-2 as power output was observed at a COD concentration of 2,565 mg L-1. Coulombic efficiency varied from 6.21% to 0.73%, indicating diffusion of oxygen through the cation exchange membrane and other methanogenesis and fermentation processes occurring in the anode chamber. In this study, >97% of the COD and up to 100% of the total suspended solids removals were observed from MFC-treated SBPW. Scanning electron microscopy of anode indicated that a diverse community of microbial consortia was active for electricity generation and wastewater treatment. This study demonstrated that SBPW can be used as a substrate in the MFC to generate electricity as well as to treat for pollutant removal. SN - 0273-1223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29377823/Evaluation_of_microbial_fuel_cell__MFC__for_bioelectricity_generation_and_pollutants_removal_from_sugar_beet_processing_wastewater__SBPW__ L2 - https://iwaponline.com/wst/article-lookup/doi/10.2166/wst.2017.549 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -