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Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in Japanese adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2018; 27(2):441-450.AP

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

Information on a whole array of characteristics associated with dietary misreporting in a representative sample in each country is still limited. Using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, we investigated the prevalence and characteristics of under- and over-reporting of energy intake among 19,986 Japanese adults aged >=20 years.

METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN

Each individual's energy intake was calculated based on a 1-day semi-weighed dietary record. Under-, plausible, and over-reporters were identified based on the 95% confidence limits 1) for agreement between the ratio of energy intake to basal metabolic rate and a physical activity level for sedentary lifestyle (1.55), and 2) of the expected ratio of energy intake to estimated energy requirement of 1.0, assuming 'low active' level of physical activity.

RESULTS

Almost all subjects (>=92.8%) were classified as plausible reporters by any of the methods applied, with very low percentages of under- and over-reporters (<=6.3% and <=2.0%, respectively). Under-reporting was associated with younger age, overweight and obesity (compared with normal weight), current smoking (compared with never smoking), no alcohol drinking (compared with drinking everyday), and household consisting of a single person (compared with that consisting of two persons). Over-reporting was associated with gender (female), normal weight (compared with overweight), and household consisting of a single person.

CONCLUSIONS

Overall mean energy intake obtained in this sample of Japanese adults appears to be plausible, but caution should be exercised when assessing the plausibility of energy intake in some subgroups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, School of Human Cultures, University of Shiga Prefecture, Shiga, Japan. Email: kenmrkm@m.u-tokyo.ac.jp.Northern Ireland Centre for Food and Health, Ulster University, Coleraine, United Kingdom.Department of Health Promotion, National Institute of Public Health, Saitama, Japan.Department of Social and Preventive Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29384334

Citation

Murakami, Kentaro, et al. "Prevalence and Characteristics of Misreporting of Energy Intake in Japanese Adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey." Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 27, no. 2, 2018, pp. 441-450.
Murakami K, Livingstone MBE, Okubo H, et al. Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in Japanese adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2018;27(2):441-450.
Murakami, K., Livingstone, M. B. E., Okubo, H., & Sasaki, S. (2018). Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in Japanese adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 27(2), 441-450. https://doi.org/10.6133/apjcn.042017.11
Murakami K, et al. Prevalence and Characteristics of Misreporting of Energy Intake in Japanese Adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 2018;27(2):441-450. PubMed PMID: 29384334.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and characteristics of misreporting of energy intake in Japanese adults: the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey. AU - Murakami,Kentaro, AU - Livingstone,M Barbara E, AU - Okubo,Hitomi, AU - Sasaki,Satoshi, PY - 2018/2/1/entrez PY - 2018/2/1/pubmed PY - 2019/9/12/medline SP - 441 EP - 450 JF - Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition JO - Asia Pac J Clin Nutr VL - 27 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Information on a whole array of characteristics associated with dietary misreporting in a representative sample in each country is still limited. Using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan, we investigated the prevalence and characteristics of under- and over-reporting of energy intake among 19,986 Japanese adults aged >=20 years. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Each individual's energy intake was calculated based on a 1-day semi-weighed dietary record. Under-, plausible, and over-reporters were identified based on the 95% confidence limits 1) for agreement between the ratio of energy intake to basal metabolic rate and a physical activity level for sedentary lifestyle (1.55), and 2) of the expected ratio of energy intake to estimated energy requirement of 1.0, assuming 'low active' level of physical activity. RESULTS: Almost all subjects (>=92.8%) were classified as plausible reporters by any of the methods applied, with very low percentages of under- and over-reporters (<=6.3% and <=2.0%, respectively). Under-reporting was associated with younger age, overweight and obesity (compared with normal weight), current smoking (compared with never smoking), no alcohol drinking (compared with drinking everyday), and household consisting of a single person (compared with that consisting of two persons). Over-reporting was associated with gender (female), normal weight (compared with overweight), and household consisting of a single person. CONCLUSIONS: Overall mean energy intake obtained in this sample of Japanese adults appears to be plausible, but caution should be exercised when assessing the plausibility of energy intake in some subgroups. SN - 0964-7058 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29384334/Prevalence_and_characteristics_of_misreporting_of_energy_intake_in_Japanese_adults:_the_2012_National_Health_and_Nutrition_Survey_ L2 - http://apjcn.nhri.org.tw/server/APJCN/27/2/441.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -