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Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure.
JAMA Ophthalmol 2018; 136(3):250-256JO

Abstract

Importance

The crtierion standard method for monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP) can result in complications and pain. Hence, noninvasive, repeatable methods would be valuable.

Objective

To examine how ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) correlated with noninvasive and dynamically monitored ICP changes.

Design, Setting, and Participants

The ONSD was measured before the lumbar puncture (LP) in 60 patients on admission. Patients with elevated ICP were divided into group 1 (200 < LP ≤ 300 mm H2O) and group 2 (LP > 300 mm H2O). Patients underwent follow-up ONSD and LP measurements within 1 month. We analyzed the correlations between the ONSD and ICP on admission and between the changes in ONSD and ICP, which were the respective changes in ONSD and ICP from admission to follow-up.

Main Outcomes and Measures

The ultrasonographic ONSD and ICP were measured on admission and follow-up. The correlations between the ONSD and ICP on admission and between the changes in ONSD and ICP were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses.

Results

For 60 patients (Han nationality; mean [SD] age, 36.2 [12.04] years; 29 [48%] female) on admission, the ONSD and ICP values were strongly correlated, with an r of 0.798 (95% CI, 0.709-0.867; P < .001). Twenty-five patients with elevated ICP who completed the follow-up were included. The mean (SD) ONSD and ICP on admission were 4.50 (0.54) mm and 302.40 (54.26) mm H2O, respectively. The ONSD and ICP values obtained on admission were strongly correlated , with an r of 0.724 (95% CI, 0.470-0.876; P < .001). The mean (SD, range) changes in ICP and ONSD were 126.64 (52.51 mm H2O, 20-210 mm H2O) (95% CI, 106.24-146.07) and 1.00 (0.512 mm, 0.418-2.37 mm) (95% CI, 0.83-1.20), respectively. The change in ONSD was strongly correlated with the change in ICP, with an r of 0.702 (95% CI, 0.425-0.870; P < .001). The follow-up evaluations revealed that the elevated ICP and dilated ONSD had returned to normal, and no evidence of difference was found in the mean ONSDs between group 1 (3.49 mm; 95% CI, 3.34-3.62 mm) and group 2 (3.51 mm; 95% CI, 3.44-3.59 mm) (P = .778) at follow-up.

Conclusions and Relevance

The dilated ONSDs decreased along with the elevated ICP reduction. Ultrasonographic ONSD measurements may be a useful, noninvasive tool for dynamically evaluating ICP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.Department of Neurology, The Neuroscience Center, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Jilin University, Changchun, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29392301

Citation

Wang, Li-Juan, et al. "Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure." JAMA Ophthalmology, vol. 136, no. 3, 2018, pp. 250-256.
Wang LJ, Chen LM, Chen Y, et al. Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136(3):250-256.
Wang, L. J., Chen, L. M., Chen, Y., Bao, L. Y., Zheng, N. N., Wang, Y. Z., & Xing, Y. Q. (2018). Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure. JAMA Ophthalmology, 136(3), pp. 250-256. doi:10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6560.
Wang LJ, et al. Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018 03 1;136(3):250-256. PubMed PMID: 29392301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Ultrasonography Assessments of Optic Nerve Sheath Diameter as a Noninvasive and Dynamic Method of Detecting Changes in Intracranial Pressure. AU - Wang,Li-Juan, AU - Chen,Li-Min, AU - Chen,Ying, AU - Bao,Li-Yang, AU - Zheng,Nan-Nan, AU - Wang,Yu-Zhi, AU - Xing,Ying-Qi, PY - 2018/2/3/pubmed PY - 2019/9/14/medline PY - 2018/2/3/entrez SP - 250 EP - 256 JF - JAMA ophthalmology JO - JAMA Ophthalmol VL - 136 IS - 3 N2 - Importance: The crtierion standard method for monitoring intracranial pressure (ICP) can result in complications and pain. Hence, noninvasive, repeatable methods would be valuable. Objective: To examine how ultrasonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) correlated with noninvasive and dynamically monitored ICP changes. Design, Setting, and Participants: The ONSD was measured before the lumbar puncture (LP) in 60 patients on admission. Patients with elevated ICP were divided into group 1 (200 < LP ≤ 300 mm H2O) and group 2 (LP > 300 mm H2O). Patients underwent follow-up ONSD and LP measurements within 1 month. We analyzed the correlations between the ONSD and ICP on admission and between the changes in ONSD and ICP, which were the respective changes in ONSD and ICP from admission to follow-up. Main Outcomes and Measures: The ultrasonographic ONSD and ICP were measured on admission and follow-up. The correlations between the ONSD and ICP on admission and between the changes in ONSD and ICP were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses. Results: For 60 patients (Han nationality; mean [SD] age, 36.2 [12.04] years; 29 [48%] female) on admission, the ONSD and ICP values were strongly correlated, with an r of 0.798 (95% CI, 0.709-0.867; P < .001). Twenty-five patients with elevated ICP who completed the follow-up were included. The mean (SD) ONSD and ICP on admission were 4.50 (0.54) mm and 302.40 (54.26) mm H2O, respectively. The ONSD and ICP values obtained on admission were strongly correlated , with an r of 0.724 (95% CI, 0.470-0.876; P < .001). The mean (SD, range) changes in ICP and ONSD were 126.64 (52.51 mm H2O, 20-210 mm H2O) (95% CI, 106.24-146.07) and 1.00 (0.512 mm, 0.418-2.37 mm) (95% CI, 0.83-1.20), respectively. The change in ONSD was strongly correlated with the change in ICP, with an r of 0.702 (95% CI, 0.425-0.870; P < .001). The follow-up evaluations revealed that the elevated ICP and dilated ONSD had returned to normal, and no evidence of difference was found in the mean ONSDs between group 1 (3.49 mm; 95% CI, 3.34-3.62 mm) and group 2 (3.51 mm; 95% CI, 3.44-3.59 mm) (P = .778) at follow-up. Conclusions and Relevance: The dilated ONSDs decreased along with the elevated ICP reduction. Ultrasonographic ONSD measurements may be a useful, noninvasive tool for dynamically evaluating ICP. SN - 2168-6173 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29392301/Ultrasonography_Assessments_of_Optic_Nerve_Sheath_Diameter_as_a_Noninvasive_and_Dynamic_Method_of_Detecting_Changes_in_Intracranial_Pressure_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaophthalmology/fullarticle/10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2017.6560 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -