The Discovery of N-(1-Methyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-5-((6- ((methylamino)methyl)pyrimidin-4-yl)oxy)-1H-indole-1-carboxamide (Acrizanib), a VEGFR-2 Inhibitor Specifically Designed for Topical Ocular Delivery, as a Therapy for Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration.J Med Chem. 2018 02 22; 61(4):1622-1635.JM
A noninvasive topical ocular therapy for the treatment of neovascular or "wet" age-related macular degeneration would provide a patient administered alternative to the current standard of care, which requires physician administered intravitreal injections. This manuscript describes a novel strategy for the use of in vivo models of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) as the primary means of developing SAR related to efficacy from topical administration. Ultimately, this effort led to the discovery of acrizanib (LHA510), a small-molecule VEGFR-2 inhibitor with potency and efficacy in rodent CNV models, limited systemic exposure after topical ocular administration, multiple formulation options, and an acceptable rabbit ocular PK profile.