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Cross-sectional associations between maternal self-efficacy and dietary intake and physical activity in four-year-old children of first-time Swedish mothers.
Appetite. 2018 06 01; 125:131-138.A

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours.

METHODS

This cross-sectional study was based on information from control participants that took part in the Swedish primary prevention trial of childhood obesity (PRIMROSE) (n = 420 mother-child pairs). Linear regression models were used to examine the associations between parental self-efficacy (Parental Self-Efficacy for Promoting Healthy Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours in Children Scale) and children's dietary intake (parent reported) and levels of physical activity (accelerometer) with adjustments for potential confounders.

RESULTS

Mothers' efficacy beliefs in promoting healthy dietary or physical activity behaviours in their children were associated with a slightly higher consumption of fruit and vegetables among their children (β: 0.03 [95%CI: 0.01; 0.04] P < 0.001) and slightly higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous activity (β: 0.43 [95%CI: 0.05; 0.81] P = 0.03). Mothers' belief in their ability to limit unhealthy dietary and physical activity behaviours was inversely associated with children's intake of unhealthy snacks (β: -0.06 [95%CI: -0.10; -0.02] P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION

Our cross-sectional study suggests weak positive correlations between maternal self-efficacy and healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours, and weak inverse associations between maternal self-efficacy and unhealthy dietary and physical activity behaviours among their children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Street 8, Entrance 11, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark; Department of Research and Development, Health Science, University College UCC, Carlsbergvej 14, 3400 Hillerød, Denmark. Electronic address: Jeanett.friis.rohde@regionh.dk.Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Psychiatric Research, Stockholm Health Care Services, Liljeholmstorget 7 B, 117 63 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: benjamin.bohman@ki.se.Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Widerströmska Huset, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: Daniel.Berglind@ki.se.Department for Knowledge-Based Policy of Health Care, The National Board of Health and Welfare, 106 30 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: lena.hansson@socialstyrelsen.se.Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Street 8, Entrance 11, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark. Electronic address: peder.frederiksen@regionh.dk.Department of Public Health and Center for Healthy Aging, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 3B, 2200 Copenhagen N, Denmark. Electronic address: elme@sund.ku.dk.Research Unit for Dietary Studies at the Parker Institute, Bispebjerg and Frederiksberg Hospital, Copenhagen, Nordre Fasanvej 57, Street 8, Entrance 11, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark; The Boden Institute of Obesity, Nutrition, Exercise & Eating Disorders, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; National Institute of Public Health, University of Southern Denmark, Øster Farimagsgade 5 A, 1353 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: berit.lilienthal.heitmann@regionh.dk.Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Box 117, SE-221 00 Lund, Sweden. Electronic address: finn.evald.rasmussen@gmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29408332

Citation

Rohde, Jeanett Friis, et al. "Cross-sectional Associations Between Maternal Self-efficacy and Dietary Intake and Physical Activity in Four-year-old Children of First-time Swedish Mothers." Appetite, vol. 125, 2018, pp. 131-138.
Rohde JF, Bohman B, Berglind D, et al. Cross-sectional associations between maternal self-efficacy and dietary intake and physical activity in four-year-old children of first-time Swedish mothers. Appetite. 2018;125:131-138.
Rohde, J. F., Bohman, B., Berglind, D., Hansson, L. M., Frederiksen, P., Mortensen, E. L., Heitmann, B. L., & Rasmussen, F. (2018). Cross-sectional associations between maternal self-efficacy and dietary intake and physical activity in four-year-old children of first-time Swedish mothers. Appetite, 125, 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.01.026
Rohde JF, et al. Cross-sectional Associations Between Maternal Self-efficacy and Dietary Intake and Physical Activity in Four-year-old Children of First-time Swedish Mothers. Appetite. 2018 06 1;125:131-138. PubMed PMID: 29408332.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cross-sectional associations between maternal self-efficacy and dietary intake and physical activity in four-year-old children of first-time Swedish mothers. AU - Rohde,Jeanett Friis, AU - Bohman,Benjamin, AU - Berglind,Daniel, AU - Hansson,Lena M, AU - Frederiksen,Peder, AU - Mortensen,Erik Lykke, AU - Heitmann,Berit Lilienthal, AU - Rasmussen,Finn, Y1 - 2018/02/03/ PY - 2016/10/25/received PY - 2018/01/19/revised PY - 2018/01/22/accepted PY - 2018/2/7/pubmed PY - 2019/7/4/medline PY - 2018/2/7/entrez KW - Child KW - Diet KW - Health behaviour KW - Physical activity KW - Self efficacy SP - 131 EP - 138 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 125 N2 - BACKGROUND: Healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours are established early in life where children learn by observing their parents. Therefore, parents can act as role models and influence their children toward a healthier lifestyle. Besides a strong association between parental and child health behaviours, parents also influence their children's health behaviours through socio-cognitive processes, where perceived self-efficacy is the central component. The objective was to examine if parental self-efficacy among Swedish mothers was associated with their four-year-old children's dietary and physical activity behaviours. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on information from control participants that took part in the Swedish primary prevention trial of childhood obesity (PRIMROSE) (n = 420 mother-child pairs). Linear regression models were used to examine the associations between parental self-efficacy (Parental Self-Efficacy for Promoting Healthy Physical Activity and Dietary Behaviours in Children Scale) and children's dietary intake (parent reported) and levels of physical activity (accelerometer) with adjustments for potential confounders. RESULTS: Mothers' efficacy beliefs in promoting healthy dietary or physical activity behaviours in their children were associated with a slightly higher consumption of fruit and vegetables among their children (β: 0.03 [95%CI: 0.01; 0.04] P < 0.001) and slightly higher levels of moderate-to-vigorous activity (β: 0.43 [95%CI: 0.05; 0.81] P = 0.03). Mothers' belief in their ability to limit unhealthy dietary and physical activity behaviours was inversely associated with children's intake of unhealthy snacks (β: -0.06 [95%CI: -0.10; -0.02] P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Our cross-sectional study suggests weak positive correlations between maternal self-efficacy and healthy dietary and physical activity behaviours, and weak inverse associations between maternal self-efficacy and unhealthy dietary and physical activity behaviours among their children. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29408332/Cross_sectional_associations_between_maternal_self_efficacy_and_dietary_intake_and_physical_activity_in_four_year_old_children_of_first_time_Swedish_mothers_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(16)30638-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -