Autonomic nerve activity indexed using 24-h heart rate variability in patients with burns.Burns. 2018 06; 44(4):834-840.B
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive method used to quantify fluctuations in the time interval between normal heart beats. The purpose of this study was to compare the autonomic nervous system functioning of patients with burns to healthy participants after their burn scars had been re-epithelialized.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
The authors prospectively performed 24-h HRV monitoring in 60 patients with electrical burns, those with other major burns, those with other minor burns, and 10 healthy participants. Analysis of HRV in the time and frequency domain was performed.
The difference in sympathetic nerve measures (standard deviation of NN intervals [SDNN], total power [TP] and a low frequency [LF] band) and parasympathetic nerve measures (Root mean square successive difference [RMSSD], the number of interval differences of successive NN intervals greater than 50ms [NN50], the percentage of differences between following RR intervals greater than 50ms [pNN50] and a high frequency [HF] band) in patients with burns was significantly decreased during the daytime and the nighttime. the difference in parasympathetic nerve measures were more significantly decreased during the nighttime compared with measures of HRV in healthy participants. The groups of other burns showed significantly lower HRV than the electrical burn group indexed by a very low frequency (VLF) measure and TP during the daytime.
We hypothesized that HRV is a surrogate for autonomic nervous system dysfunction in patients with burns. The patients with burns were observed a sympathetic predominance during daytime and a decreased parasympathetic activity during nighttime. These results of patients with other major burns were more predominant compared with the results of patients with other groups.