Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Using confirmatory factor analysis to explore associated factors of intimate partner violence in a sample of Chinese rural women: a cross-sectional study.
BMJ Open. 2018 02 02; 8(2):e019465.BO

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among a sample of rural Chinese women and to explore associated factors.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Rural areas of Guangyuan City, Sichuan, China.

PARTICIPANTS

We recruited 1501 women, aged 16 years and older, who had been living locally for at least 2 years and reported being married or in a relationship during the past 12 months. They were among a sample of 1898 potential participants from our larger parent study on the prevalence of depressive-distress symptoms.

METHODS

Participants completed demographic and social economic measures, the Short Form of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale and the Duke Social Support Index. We applied χ2 test, analysis of variance and confirmatory factor analysis for analysis.

RESULTS

The overall prevalence of IPV in the past 12 months was 29.05%; the prevalence of physical, psychological and sexual violence was 7.66%, 26.58% and 3.20%, respectively. The overall prevalence was highest among women aged 16-29 years, and was more common among those without a high school diploma and who saw their family's financial status as very poor or stagnant. Women who were not victims of IPV had higher levels of social support. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the total effects of social support on physical, psychological and sexual violence were -0.12, -0.35 and -0.12, respectively. The indirect effects of objective economic status on physical, psychological and sexual violence were -0.047, -0.014 and -0.047, respectively, but the total effect was not significant. The indirect effect of education on psychological violence was -0.056.

CONCLUSION

IPV is common in rural Guangyuan. Our data are comparable with the findings from north-west of China. Social support is an important protective factor. Future work is needed to develop, test and later disseminate potential IPV interventions, with a focus on building actual and perceived supportive social networks.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sun Yat-sen Global Health Institute, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA. Injury Control Research Center for Suicide Prevention, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA. Injury Control Research Center for Suicide Prevention, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, USA.Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29420233

Citation

Hou, Fengsu, et al. "Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis to Explore Associated Factors of Intimate Partner Violence in a Sample of Chinese Rural Women: a Cross-sectional Study." BMJ Open, vol. 8, no. 2, 2018, pp. e019465.
Hou F, Cerulli C, Wittink MN, et al. Using confirmatory factor analysis to explore associated factors of intimate partner violence in a sample of Chinese rural women: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2018;8(2):e019465.
Hou, F., Cerulli, C., Wittink, M. N., Caine, E. D., & Qiu, P. (2018). Using confirmatory factor analysis to explore associated factors of intimate partner violence in a sample of Chinese rural women: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open, 8(2), e019465. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019465
Hou F, et al. Using Confirmatory Factor Analysis to Explore Associated Factors of Intimate Partner Violence in a Sample of Chinese Rural Women: a Cross-sectional Study. BMJ Open. 2018 02 2;8(2):e019465. PubMed PMID: 29420233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Using confirmatory factor analysis to explore associated factors of intimate partner violence in a sample of Chinese rural women: a cross-sectional study. AU - Hou,Fengsu, AU - Cerulli,Catherine, AU - Wittink,Marsha N, AU - Caine,Eric D, AU - Qiu,Peiyuan, Y1 - 2018/02/02/ PY - 2018/2/9/entrez PY - 2018/2/9/pubmed PY - 2018/9/11/medline KW - Intimate partner violence KW - rural Chinese women KW - social support KW - violence against women SP - e019465 EP - e019465 JF - BMJ open JO - BMJ Open VL - 8 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) among a sample of rural Chinese women and to explore associated factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rural areas of Guangyuan City, Sichuan, China. PARTICIPANTS: We recruited 1501 women, aged 16 years and older, who had been living locally for at least 2 years and reported being married or in a relationship during the past 12 months. They were among a sample of 1898 potential participants from our larger parent study on the prevalence of depressive-distress symptoms. METHODS: Participants completed demographic and social economic measures, the Short Form of the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale and the Duke Social Support Index. We applied χ2 test, analysis of variance and confirmatory factor analysis for analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of IPV in the past 12 months was 29.05%; the prevalence of physical, psychological and sexual violence was 7.66%, 26.58% and 3.20%, respectively. The overall prevalence was highest among women aged 16-29 years, and was more common among those without a high school diploma and who saw their family's financial status as very poor or stagnant. Women who were not victims of IPV had higher levels of social support. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the total effects of social support on physical, psychological and sexual violence were -0.12, -0.35 and -0.12, respectively. The indirect effects of objective economic status on physical, psychological and sexual violence were -0.047, -0.014 and -0.047, respectively, but the total effect was not significant. The indirect effect of education on psychological violence was -0.056. CONCLUSION: IPV is common in rural Guangyuan. Our data are comparable with the findings from north-west of China. Social support is an important protective factor. Future work is needed to develop, test and later disseminate potential IPV interventions, with a focus on building actual and perceived supportive social networks. SN - 2044-6055 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29420233/Using_confirmatory_factor_analysis_to_explore_associated_factors_of_intimate_partner_violence_in_a_sample_of_Chinese_rural_women:_a_cross_sectional_study_ L2 - https://bmjopen.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=29420233 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -