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Psychological resilience and post-traumatic growth in disaster-exposed organisations: overview of the literature.
BMJ Mil Health. 2020 Feb; 166(1):52-56.BM

Abstract

As disasters become increasingly prevalent, and reported on, a wealth of literature on post-disaster mental health has been published. Most published evidence focuses on symptoms of mental health problems (such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety) and psychosocial factors increasing the risk of such symptoms. However, a recent shift in the literature has moved to exploring resilience and the absence of adverse lasting mental health effects following a disaster. This paper undertakes a qualitative review of the literature to explore factors affecting psychological resilience, as well as the potential positive impact of experiencing a disaster (post-traumatic growth) by examining the literature on employees in disaster-exposed organisations. We identify several protective factors: training, experience, and perceived (personal) competence; social support; and effective coping strategies. Post-traumatic growth frequently appeared to occur at both personal and professional levels for those rescue staff after a disaster, giving employees a greater appreciation of life and their relationships, enhancing their self-esteem and providing a sense of accomplishment and better understanding of their work. Implications, in terms of how to build a resilient workforce, are discussed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Psychological Medicine, Weston Education Centre, King's College London, London, UK samantha.k.brooks@kcl.ac.uk.Emergency Response Department, Public Health England, London, UK.Psychological Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.Academic Centre for Defence Mental Health, Weston Education Centre, London, UK.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29420257

Citation

Brooks, Samantha, et al. "Psychological Resilience and Post-traumatic Growth in Disaster-exposed Organisations: Overview of the Literature." BMJ Military Health, vol. 166, no. 1, 2020, pp. 52-56.
Brooks S, Amlôt R, Rubin GJ, et al. Psychological resilience and post-traumatic growth in disaster-exposed organisations: overview of the literature. BMJ Mil Health. 2020;166(1):52-56.
Brooks, S., Amlôt, R., Rubin, G. J., & Greenberg, N. (2020). Psychological resilience and post-traumatic growth in disaster-exposed organisations: overview of the literature. BMJ Military Health, 166(1), 52-56. https://doi.org/10.1136/jramc-2017-000876
Brooks S, et al. Psychological Resilience and Post-traumatic Growth in Disaster-exposed Organisations: Overview of the Literature. BMJ Mil Health. 2020;166(1):52-56. PubMed PMID: 29420257.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychological resilience and post-traumatic growth in disaster-exposed organisations: overview of the literature. AU - Brooks,Samantha, AU - Amlôt,R, AU - Rubin,G J, AU - Greenberg,N, Y1 - 2018/02/02/ PY - 2017/10/31/received PY - 2017/12/22/accepted PY - 2018/2/9/pubmed PY - 2020/12/30/medline PY - 2018/2/9/entrez KW - disasters KW - mental health KW - post-traumatic growth KW - resilience SP - 52 EP - 56 JF - BMJ military health JO - BMJ Mil Health VL - 166 IS - 1 N2 - As disasters become increasingly prevalent, and reported on, a wealth of literature on post-disaster mental health has been published. Most published evidence focuses on symptoms of mental health problems (such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and anxiety) and psychosocial factors increasing the risk of such symptoms. However, a recent shift in the literature has moved to exploring resilience and the absence of adverse lasting mental health effects following a disaster. This paper undertakes a qualitative review of the literature to explore factors affecting psychological resilience, as well as the potential positive impact of experiencing a disaster (post-traumatic growth) by examining the literature on employees in disaster-exposed organisations. We identify several protective factors: training, experience, and perceived (personal) competence; social support; and effective coping strategies. Post-traumatic growth frequently appeared to occur at both personal and professional levels for those rescue staff after a disaster, giving employees a greater appreciation of life and their relationships, enhancing their self-esteem and providing a sense of accomplishment and better understanding of their work. Implications, in terms of how to build a resilient workforce, are discussed. SN - 2633-3775 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29420257/Psychological_resilience_and_post_traumatic_growth_in_disaster_exposed_organisations:_overview_of_the_literature_ L2 - https://militaryhealth.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=29420257 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -