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Volatile composition of Carignan noir wines from ungrafted and grafted onto País (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines from ten wine-growing sites in Maule Valley, Chile.
J Sci Food Agric. 2018 Aug; 98(11):4268-4278.JS

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Carignan noir is one of the minor and ancient varieties from the Chilean wine scenario that has had a resurgence as a result of to its rediscovered oenological potential when cultivated under the conditions of the interior dryland area. Under these growing conditions Carignan noir wines stand out as fruit driven and fresh compared to those originating from other growing areas. On the other hand, it is well known that wine aroma composition depends mainly on variety, viticultural management and winemaking. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the volatile composition of wines from Carignan noir grapes originating from ungrafted and grafted onto País grapevines, in ten sites of the Maule Valley (Chile) during two consecutive vintages.

RESULTS

Higher alcohols were the most abundant volatile compounds, whereas ethyl esters and β-damascenone were the most odoriferous compounds according to their odorant activity value. The dominant factor in Carignan noir wine volatile composition was season, whereas rootstock did not have a significant effect in differentiating the wines. In terms of climate, cold nights during the month prior to harvest correlated with higher linalool, α-terpineol and trans-3-hexen-1-ol content. The biologically effective degree-days index was inversely correlated with isoamyl acetate and 2-phenylethyl acetate content. Huglin's heliothermal and the average mean temperature of the warmest month indices were inversely correlated with ethyl vanillate, ethyl hexanoate and ethyl octanoate content.

CONCLUSION

Site climate conditions were related to the accumulation of certain wine volatile compounds. This information may be useful for devising new Carignan noir vineyard management strategies when aiming to improve wine quality or adjust site selection approaches to maximize grape/wine volatile composition according to wine style. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro Tecnológico de la Vid y el Vino, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile. Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC-CAR-UR), Logroño, Spain.Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC-CAR-UR), Logroño, Spain.Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC-CAR-UR), Logroño, Spain.Instituto de Ciencias de la Vid y del Vino (CSIC-CAR-UR), Logroño, Spain.Centro Tecnológico de la Vid y el Vino, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile. Departamento de Química Analítica, E.T.S. Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Palencia, Spain. Grupo UVaMOX, E.T.S. Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain.Departamento de Química Analítica, E.T.S. Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Palencia, Spain. Grupo UVaMOX, E.T.S. Ingenierías Agrarias, Universidad de Valladolid, Spain.Centro Tecnológico de la Vid y el Vino, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad de Talca, Talca, Chile.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29424428

Citation

Gutiérrez-Gamboa, Gastón, et al. "Volatile Composition of Carignan Noir Wines From Ungrafted and Grafted Onto País (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grapevines From Ten Wine-growing Sites in Maule Valley, Chile." Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, vol. 98, no. 11, 2018, pp. 4268-4278.
Gutiérrez-Gamboa G, Garde-Cerdán T, Carrasco-Quiroz M, et al. Volatile composition of Carignan noir wines from ungrafted and grafted onto País (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines from ten wine-growing sites in Maule Valley, Chile. J Sci Food Agric. 2018;98(11):4268-4278.
Gutiérrez-Gamboa, G., Garde-Cerdán, T., Carrasco-Quiroz, M., Pérez-Álvarez, E. P., Martínez-Gil, A. M., Del Alamo-Sanza, M., & Moreno-Simunovic, Y. (2018). Volatile composition of Carignan noir wines from ungrafted and grafted onto País (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines from ten wine-growing sites in Maule Valley, Chile. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 98(11), 4268-4278. https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8949
Gutiérrez-Gamboa G, et al. Volatile Composition of Carignan Noir Wines From Ungrafted and Grafted Onto País (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grapevines From Ten Wine-growing Sites in Maule Valley, Chile. J Sci Food Agric. 2018;98(11):4268-4278. PubMed PMID: 29424428.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Volatile composition of Carignan noir wines from ungrafted and grafted onto País (Vitis vinifera L.) grapevines from ten wine-growing sites in Maule Valley, Chile. AU - Gutiérrez-Gamboa,Gastón, AU - Garde-Cerdán,Teresa, AU - Carrasco-Quiroz,Marioli, AU - Pérez-Álvarez,Eva Pilar, AU - Martínez-Gil,Ana María, AU - Del Alamo-Sanza,María, AU - Moreno-Simunovic,Yerko, Y1 - 2018/03/25/ PY - 2017/10/23/received PY - 2018/01/31/revised PY - 2018/02/01/accepted PY - 2018/2/10/pubmed PY - 2018/7/24/medline PY - 2018/2/10/entrez KW - Carignan noir wines KW - País rootstock KW - bioclimatic indices KW - volatile compounds SP - 4268 EP - 4278 JF - Journal of the science of food and agriculture JO - J Sci Food Agric VL - 98 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Carignan noir is one of the minor and ancient varieties from the Chilean wine scenario that has had a resurgence as a result of to its rediscovered oenological potential when cultivated under the conditions of the interior dryland area. Under these growing conditions Carignan noir wines stand out as fruit driven and fresh compared to those originating from other growing areas. On the other hand, it is well known that wine aroma composition depends mainly on variety, viticultural management and winemaking. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the volatile composition of wines from Carignan noir grapes originating from ungrafted and grafted onto País grapevines, in ten sites of the Maule Valley (Chile) during two consecutive vintages. RESULTS: Higher alcohols were the most abundant volatile compounds, whereas ethyl esters and β-damascenone were the most odoriferous compounds according to their odorant activity value. The dominant factor in Carignan noir wine volatile composition was season, whereas rootstock did not have a significant effect in differentiating the wines. In terms of climate, cold nights during the month prior to harvest correlated with higher linalool, α-terpineol and trans-3-hexen-1-ol content. The biologically effective degree-days index was inversely correlated with isoamyl acetate and 2-phenylethyl acetate content. Huglin's heliothermal and the average mean temperature of the warmest month indices were inversely correlated with ethyl vanillate, ethyl hexanoate and ethyl octanoate content. CONCLUSION: Site climate conditions were related to the accumulation of certain wine volatile compounds. This information may be useful for devising new Carignan noir vineyard management strategies when aiming to improve wine quality or adjust site selection approaches to maximize grape/wine volatile composition according to wine style. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry. SN - 1097-0010 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29424428/Volatile_composition_of_Carignan_noir_wines_from_ungrafted_and_grafted_onto_País__Vitis_vinifera_L___grapevines_from_ten_wine_growing_sites_in_Maule_Valley_Chile_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.8949 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -