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A Study on the relationship between orthorexia and vegetarianism using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia).
Psychiatr Pol. 2017 Dec 30; 51(6):1133-1144.PP

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The following article presents the relationship between vegetarianism and orthorexia nervosa (ON). Vegetarianism is an ideology and a way of life that aims at minimizing animal exploitation. A vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat together with other animal derived products. According to scientists, orthorexia nervosa is considered to be a new, yet unclassified eating disorder. It involves introducing dietary restrictions by individuals who feel a desire to improve their health status by healthy eating.

METHODS

The study involved 2,611 participants, namely 1,346 vegetarians and 1,265 non-vegetarians. The research questionnaire consisted of general personal and anthropometric characteristics, the BOT(Bratman Test for Orthorexia) and questions evaluating the participants' attitude towards nutrition.

RESULTS

Based on the obtained results, health food fanaticism is more specific to vegetarians than non-vegetarians. The risk for orthorexia nervosa decreases with age and diet duration. The biggest number of health food fanatics was found in the group of lacto-vegetarians, a lower number among ovo-vegetarians and lacto-ovo-vegetarians, and the smallest number was observed in the vegan group. Also, vegetarians were reported to have dietary consultations as frequently as non-vegetarians.

CONCLUSIONS

Very few studies can be found on the relationship between orthorexia nervosa and vegetarianism. Some scientists believe that vegetarians are particularly prone to orthorexia nervosa. In addition, it has been suggested by other researchers that vegetarianism can be used to mask eating disorders, as it allows these affected individuals to avoid certain products or situations related to food. The direction of cause and effect cannot be determined.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Zakład i Katedra Histologii i Embriologii, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach.Katedra i Klinika Rehabilitacji, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach.Zakład Żywienia Człowieka, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu, Uniwersytet Jagielloński Collegium Medicum.Zakład Kinezjologii, Katedra Fizjoterapii, Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu w Katowicach, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach.Katedra Pediatrii w Zabrzu, Wydział Lekarski z Oddziałem Dentystycznym w Zabrzu, Śląski Uniwersytet Medyczny w Katowicach.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng pol

PubMed ID

29432508

Citation

Dittfeld, Anna, et al. "A Study On the Relationship Between Orthorexia and Vegetarianism Using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia)." Psychiatria Polska, vol. 51, no. 6, 2017, pp. 1133-1144.
Dittfeld A, Gwizdek K, Jagielski P, et al. A Study on the relationship between orthorexia and vegetarianism using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia). Psychiatr Pol. 2017;51(6):1133-1144.
Dittfeld, A., Gwizdek, K., Jagielski, P., Brzęk, J., & Ziora, K. (2017). A Study on the relationship between orthorexia and vegetarianism using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia). Psychiatria Polska, 51(6), 1133-1144. https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/75739
Dittfeld A, et al. A Study On the Relationship Between Orthorexia and Vegetarianism Using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia). Psychiatr Pol. 2017 Dec 30;51(6):1133-1144. PubMed PMID: 29432508.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A Study on the relationship between orthorexia and vegetarianism using the BOT (Bratman Test for Orthorexia). AU - Dittfeld,Anna, AU - Gwizdek,Katarzyna, AU - Jagielski,Paweł, AU - Brzęk,Joanna, AU - Ziora,Katarzyna, Y1 - 2017/12/30/ PY - 2018/2/13/entrez PY - 2018/2/13/pubmed PY - 2018/9/7/medline KW - eating disorders KW - orthorexia KW - vegetarianism SP - 1133 EP - 1144 JF - Psychiatria polska JO - Psychiatr Pol VL - 51 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The following article presents the relationship between vegetarianism and orthorexia nervosa (ON). Vegetarianism is an ideology and a way of life that aims at minimizing animal exploitation. A vegetarian diet excludes the consumption of meat together with other animal derived products. According to scientists, orthorexia nervosa is considered to be a new, yet unclassified eating disorder. It involves introducing dietary restrictions by individuals who feel a desire to improve their health status by healthy eating. METHODS: The study involved 2,611 participants, namely 1,346 vegetarians and 1,265 non-vegetarians. The research questionnaire consisted of general personal and anthropometric characteristics, the BOT(Bratman Test for Orthorexia) and questions evaluating the participants' attitude towards nutrition. RESULTS: Based on the obtained results, health food fanaticism is more specific to vegetarians than non-vegetarians. The risk for orthorexia nervosa decreases with age and diet duration. The biggest number of health food fanatics was found in the group of lacto-vegetarians, a lower number among ovo-vegetarians and lacto-ovo-vegetarians, and the smallest number was observed in the vegan group. Also, vegetarians were reported to have dietary consultations as frequently as non-vegetarians. CONCLUSIONS: Very few studies can be found on the relationship between orthorexia nervosa and vegetarianism. Some scientists believe that vegetarians are particularly prone to orthorexia nervosa. In addition, it has been suggested by other researchers that vegetarianism can be used to mask eating disorders, as it allows these affected individuals to avoid certain products or situations related to food. The direction of cause and effect cannot be determined. SN - 2391-5854 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29432508/A_Study_on_the_relationship_between_orthorexia_and_vegetarianism_using_the_BOT__Bratman_Test_for_Orthorexia__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.12740/PP/75739 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -