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The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum).
Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2018 Mar; 73(1):82-88.PF

Abstract

In this report, we presented the profile of polyphenolic substances in flowers, leaves, stalk and roots of Fagopyrum tataricum estimated by using RP-UHPLC-ESI-MS equipment (reversed-phase ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry). The neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, acid detergent lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose were also determined. Flowers, leaves, stalk and roots showed varying levels of dietary fibre and polyphenols. The highest content of neutral and acid detergent fibre were found in the roots (63.92 and 45.45% d.m., respectively) while the most rich in phenolic compounds were flowers (4.8 mg/1 g d.m.). Root and stalk contained the highest level of cellulose, 38.70 and 25.57% d.m., respectively. Among the investigated polyphenolic substances such as: 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydrobenzoic acid, caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, fagopyrin, ferulic acid, myricetin, gallic acid, isovanilic acid, isovitexin, kaempferol, luteolin, p-coumaric acid, procyanidin B2, quercetin, quercetin 3-D galactoside, rutin, syringic acid and vitexin, we observed that the contents of rutin and chlorogenic acid were the highest. We found some correlation between dietary fibre fractions and individual phenolic substances. The levels of acid detergent fibre (ADF), cellulose and hemicellulose were negatively correlated with isovitexin, kaempferol, vitexin, fagopyrin, caffeic acid and procyanidin B2 content. In this investigation, two solvents (water and methanol) were estimated regarding their extraction efficiency of phenolic compounds. Taking these results into consideration, we recommend using methanol as the extractor to isolate chlorogenic acid, fagopyrin, kaempferol, procyanidin B2, quercetin, quercetin 3-D-galactoside, rutin, vitexin, and water for other investigated polyphenolic substances obtained from Fagopyrum tataricum.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Food Technology and Plant Origin, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, Poznań, Poland. dziedzic@up.poznan.pl. Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Szpitalna 27/33, 60-572, Poznań, Poland. dziedzic@up.poznan.pl.Department of Gastronomy Science and Functional Foods, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, 60-624, Poznań, Poland.Institute of Food Technology and Plant Origin, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 31, Poznań, Poland.Department of Agronomy, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Dojazd 11, 60-632, Poznań, Poland.Department of Forest Physiology and Genetics, Slovenian Forestry Institute, Vecna pot 2, 1000, Ljubljana, Slovenia.Department of Commodity Sciences and Food Analysis, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Cieszyński 1, 10-957, Olsztyn, Poland.Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Metabolic Diseases, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Szpitalna 27/33, 60-572, Poznań, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29435700

Citation

Dziedzic, Krzysztof, et al. "The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum Tataricum)." Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), vol. 73, no. 1, 2018, pp. 82-88.
Dziedzic K, Górecka D, Szwengiel A, et al. The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2018;73(1):82-88.
Dziedzic, K., Górecka, D., Szwengiel, A., Sulewska, H., Kreft, I., Gujska, E., & Walkowiak, J. (2018). The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum). Plant Foods for Human Nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands), 73(1), 82-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-018-0659-0
Dziedzic K, et al. The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum Tataricum). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2018;73(1):82-88. PubMed PMID: 29435700.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Content of Dietary Fibre and Polyphenols in Morphological Parts of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum). AU - Dziedzic,Krzysztof, AU - Górecka,Danuta, AU - Szwengiel,Artur, AU - Sulewska,Hanna, AU - Kreft,Ivan, AU - Gujska,Elżbieta, AU - Walkowiak,Jarosław, PY - 2018/2/13/pubmed PY - 2018/7/17/medline PY - 2018/2/14/entrez KW - Dietary fibre KW - Methanol extract KW - Phenolic substances profile KW - Tartary buckwheat KW - Water extract SP - 82 EP - 88 JF - Plant foods for human nutrition (Dordrecht, Netherlands) JO - Plant Foods Hum Nutr VL - 73 IS - 1 N2 - In this report, we presented the profile of polyphenolic substances in flowers, leaves, stalk and roots of Fagopyrum tataricum estimated by using RP-UHPLC-ESI-MS equipment (reversed-phase ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry). The neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, acid detergent lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose were also determined. Flowers, leaves, stalk and roots showed varying levels of dietary fibre and polyphenols. The highest content of neutral and acid detergent fibre were found in the roots (63.92 and 45.45% d.m., respectively) while the most rich in phenolic compounds were flowers (4.8 mg/1 g d.m.). Root and stalk contained the highest level of cellulose, 38.70 and 25.57% d.m., respectively. Among the investigated polyphenolic substances such as: 2,6-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 3,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid, 4-hydrobenzoic acid, caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, fagopyrin, ferulic acid, myricetin, gallic acid, isovanilic acid, isovitexin, kaempferol, luteolin, p-coumaric acid, procyanidin B2, quercetin, quercetin 3-D galactoside, rutin, syringic acid and vitexin, we observed that the contents of rutin and chlorogenic acid were the highest. We found some correlation between dietary fibre fractions and individual phenolic substances. The levels of acid detergent fibre (ADF), cellulose and hemicellulose were negatively correlated with isovitexin, kaempferol, vitexin, fagopyrin, caffeic acid and procyanidin B2 content. In this investigation, two solvents (water and methanol) were estimated regarding their extraction efficiency of phenolic compounds. Taking these results into consideration, we recommend using methanol as the extractor to isolate chlorogenic acid, fagopyrin, kaempferol, procyanidin B2, quercetin, quercetin 3-D-galactoside, rutin, vitexin, and water for other investigated polyphenolic substances obtained from Fagopyrum tataricum. SN - 1573-9104 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29435700/The_Content_of_Dietary_Fibre_and_Polyphenols_in_Morphological_Parts_of_Buckwheat__Fagopyrum_tataricum__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s11130-018-0659-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -