Experimental modelling of cardiac pressure overload hypertrophy: Modified technique for precise, reproducible, safe and easy aortic arch banding-debanding in mice.Sci Rep 2018; 8(1):3167SR
Pressure overload left ventricular hypertrophy is a known precursor of heart failure with ominous prognosis. The development of experimental models that reproduce this phenomenon is instrumental for the advancement in our understanding of its pathophysiology. The gold standard of these models is the controlled constriction of the mid aortic arch in mice according to Rockman's technique (RT). We developed a modified technique that allows individualized and fully controlled constriction of the aorta, improves efficiency and generates a reproducible stenosis that is technically easy to perform and release. An algorithm calculates, based on the echocardiographic arch diameter, the intended perimeter at the constriction, and a suture is prepared with two knots separated accordingly. The aorta is encircled twice with the suture and the loop is closed with a microclip under both knots. We performed controlled aortic constriction with Rockman's and the double loop-clip (DLC) techniques in mice. DLC proved superiority in efficiency (mortality and invalid experiments) and more homogeneity of the results (transcoarctational gradients, LV mass, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, gene expression) than RT. DLC technique optimizes animal use and generates a consistent and customized aortic constriction with homogeneous LV pressure overload morphofunctional, structural, and molecular features.