Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito: An emerging threat to public health.
J Vector Borne Dis. 2017 Oct-Dec; 54(4):295-300.JV

Abstract

Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito is a voracious biter of humans and has a geographical distribution throughout tropical Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean region of Europe. It is predominantly a rock-hole breeder, though it can breed in diverse macro- and micro-habitats. The mosquito plays an important role in the maintenance and transmission of yellow fever (YFV), dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses. It has been implicated as an important vector of YFV in several African countries as evidenced by repeated virus isolations from the mosquito and its potential to transmit the virus experimentally. Similarly, DENV-2 has been isolated from wild caught Ae. vittatus mosquitoes in Senegal, Africa which has been shown to circulate the virus in sylvatic populations without causing human infection. Experimental studies have shown replication of the virus at a low scale in naturally infected mosquitoes while high rate of infection and dissemination have been reported in parenterally infected mosquitoes. Natural isolation of ZIKV has been reported from Senegal and Cote d'Ivoire from these mosquitoes. They were found highly competent to transmit the virus experimentally and the transmission rate is at par with Ae. leuteocephalus, the primary vector of ZIKV. A few CHIKV isolations have also been reported from the mosquitoes in Senegal and other countries in Africa. Experimental studies have demonstrated high susceptibility, early dissemination and efficient transmission of CHIKV by Ae. vittatus mosquitoes. The mosquitoes with their high susceptibility and competence to transmit important viruses, viz. YFV, DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV pose a major threat to public health due to their abundance and anthropophilic behaviour.

Authors+Show Affiliations

ICMR-National Institute of Virology, Microbial Containment Complex, Pune, India.ICMR-National Institute of Virology, Microbial Containment Complex, Pune, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

29460858

Citation

Sudeep, A B., and P Shil. "Aedes Vittatus (Bigot) Mosquito: an Emerging Threat to Public Health." Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, vol. 54, no. 4, 2017, pp. 295-300.
Sudeep AB, Shil P. Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito: An emerging threat to public health. J Vector Borne Dis. 2017;54(4):295-300.
Sudeep, A. B., & Shil, P. (2017). Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito: An emerging threat to public health. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 54(4), 295-300. https://doi.org/10.4103/0972-9062.225833
Sudeep AB, Shil P. Aedes Vittatus (Bigot) Mosquito: an Emerging Threat to Public Health. J Vector Borne Dis. 2017 Oct-Dec;54(4):295-300. PubMed PMID: 29460858.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito: An emerging threat to public health. AU - Sudeep,A B, AU - Shil,P, PY - 2018/2/21/entrez PY - 2018/2/21/pubmed PY - 2018/11/22/medline KW - Aedes vittatus KW - Zika KW - chikungunya KW - dengue KW - yellow fever SP - 295 EP - 300 JF - Journal of vector borne diseases JO - J Vector Borne Dis VL - 54 IS - 4 N2 - Aedes vittatus (Bigot) mosquito is a voracious biter of humans and has a geographical distribution throughout tropical Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean region of Europe. It is predominantly a rock-hole breeder, though it can breed in diverse macro- and micro-habitats. The mosquito plays an important role in the maintenance and transmission of yellow fever (YFV), dengue (DENV), chikungunya (CHIKV) and Zika (ZIKV) viruses. It has been implicated as an important vector of YFV in several African countries as evidenced by repeated virus isolations from the mosquito and its potential to transmit the virus experimentally. Similarly, DENV-2 has been isolated from wild caught Ae. vittatus mosquitoes in Senegal, Africa which has been shown to circulate the virus in sylvatic populations without causing human infection. Experimental studies have shown replication of the virus at a low scale in naturally infected mosquitoes while high rate of infection and dissemination have been reported in parenterally infected mosquitoes. Natural isolation of ZIKV has been reported from Senegal and Cote d'Ivoire from these mosquitoes. They were found highly competent to transmit the virus experimentally and the transmission rate is at par with Ae. leuteocephalus, the primary vector of ZIKV. A few CHIKV isolations have also been reported from the mosquitoes in Senegal and other countries in Africa. Experimental studies have demonstrated high susceptibility, early dissemination and efficient transmission of CHIKV by Ae. vittatus mosquitoes. The mosquitoes with their high susceptibility and competence to transmit important viruses, viz. YFV, DENV, CHIKV and ZIKV pose a major threat to public health due to their abundance and anthropophilic behaviour. SN - 0972-9062 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/29460858/Aedes_vittatus__Bigot__mosquito:_An_emerging_threat_to_public_health_ L2 - http://www.jvbd.org/article.asp?issn=0972-9062;year=2017;volume=54;issue=4;spage=295;epage=300;aulast=Sudeep;type=2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -