Cross-Sectional Survey of the Burden of Illness of Rosacea by Erythema Severity.J Drugs Dermatol. 2018 Feb 01; 17(2):150-158.JD
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition characterized by persistent central facial erythema. To explore the burden of illness of rosacea in US adults, a cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted. Participants answered questions on sociodemographics, clinical characteristics, bothersome symptoms, coping and avoidance behaviors, self-perceptions, and health care resource utilization, and completed 2 quality of life instruments, the 21-item rosacea-specific quality of life questionnaire (RosaQoL) and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). This paper reports the data from the 409 respondents with erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR), analyzed by erythema severity. Mean age was 53.1 years; mild, moderate, or severe erythema was reported by 63.6%, 32.0%, and 4.4% of participants, respectively. Blushing/flushing and bumps/pustules were the most bothersome symptoms across severity subgroups. Participants in all subgroups coped with rosacea by applying make-up and managing their stress and anxiety, and tried to prevent rosacea flares by avoiding sun exposure, specific skin care products, and other triggers. Self-perceptions differed by severity subgroup: satisfaction with facial appearance significantly decreased, and worrying about how people will react and feelings of unattractiveness to others significantly increased, with greater erythema severity (all P less than 0.01). Treatment or assessment of rosacea was sought by 20% of participants in the past 3 months, most commonly from a dermatologist. Metronidazole was the most frequently prescribed topical product across severity subgroups, whereas doxycycline and other oral antibiotics were prescribed most frequently in the severe erythema subgroup. RosaQoL emotional domain scores increased with erythema severity (P equals 0.0035), but none of the SF-36 domain scores differed significantly by erythema severity. These results demonstrate that rosacea is associated with a substantial burden of illness that spans all levels of erythema severity in patients with ETR. Feelings of unattractiveness and the adverse impact of rosacea on emotional quality of life increased with erythema severity. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018;17(2):150-158.