Isolation and molecular characterization of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis from sheep and goats in Mexico.Microb Pathog. 2018 Apr; 117:304-309.MP
The pathogenic bacteria of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis caused a chronic contagious infectious disease of the caseous lymphadenitis or pseudotuberculosis. Globally, isolates obtained from different injuries that affect sheep and goats, have been identified by fully or partially gene sequencing. However, in Mexico there is no complete study to identify by molecular and phylogenetic techniques the circulating isolates as well as its virulence factors. Therefore, in the present study we reported the identification of 57 isolates of C. pseudotuberculosis by bacteriological tests and the amplification of 16S rRNA, rpoB and pld genes, as well as, genes involved in virulence and pathogenicity: Fag A, Fag B, Fag C, Fag D and hsp60. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the partial sequence of the rpoB gene. Genes involved in virulence and pathogenicity were identified in the 98.2% of the isolates. Regarding the phylogenetic analysis, were identified the species and subspecies to which they belong of all the tested isolates. The phenotypic and genotypic characterization will allow to establish preventive and prophylactic measures aimed to the creation of effective immunogens against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis.